SIP NAT configuration example: destination address translation (destination NAT)

SIP NAT configuration example: destination address translation (destination NAT)

This configuration example shows how to configure the FortiGate unit to support the destination address translation scenario shown in the figure below. The FortiGate unit requires two SIP security policies:

  • A destination NAT security policy that allows SIP messages to be sent from the Internet to the private network. This policy must include destination NAT because the addresses on the private network are not routable on the Internet.
  • A source NAT security policy that allows SIP messages to be sent from the private network to the Internet.

 

SIP destination NAT scenario part two: 200 OK returned to Phone B and media streams established

FortiGate-620B Cluster

 

SIP proxy server

Virtual IP: 172.20.120.50

 

SIP Phone A (PhoneA@10.31.101.20)

SIP proxy server

10.31.101.50

SIP Phone B (PhoneB@172.20.120.30)

 

General configuration steps

The following general configuration steps are required for this destination NAT SIP configuration. This example uses the default VoIP profile.

1. Add the SIP proxy server firewall virtual IP.

2. Add a firewall address for the SIP proxy server on the private network.

3. Add a destination NAT security policy that accepts SIP sessions from the Internet destined for the SIP proxy server virtual IP and translates the destination address to the IP address of the SIP proxy server on the private network.

4. Add a security policy that accepts SIP sessions initiated by the SIP proxy server and destined for the Internet.

 

Configuration steps – web-based manager

To add the SIP proxy server firewall virtual IP

1. Go to Policy & Objects > Virtual IPs.

2. Add the following SIP proxy server virtual IP.

VIP Type                                     IPv4

Name                                           SIP_Proxy_VIP

Interface                                     port1

Type                                            Static NAT

External IP Address/Range     172.20.120.50

Mapped IP Address/Range      10.31.101.50

 

To add a firewall address for the SIP proxy server

1. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses.

2. Add the following for the SIP proxy server:

Address Name                           SIP_Proxy_Server

Type                                            Subnet

Subnet/IP Range                       10.31.101.50/255.255.255.255

Interface                                     port2

 

To add the security policies

1. Go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy.

2. Add a destination NAT security policy that includes the SIP proxy server virtual IP that allows Phone B (and other SIP phones on the Internet) to send SIP request messages to the SIP proxy server.

Incoming Interface                   port1

Outgoing Interface                   port2

Source                                        all

Destination Address                 SIP_Proxy_VIP

Schedule                                    always

Service                                       SIP

Action                                         ACCEPT

3. Turn on NAT and select Use Outgoing Interface Address.

4. Turn on VoIP and select the default VoIP profile.

5. Select OK.

6. Add a source NAT security policy to allow the SIP proxy server to send SIP request messages to Phone B and the Internet:

Incoming Interface                   port2

Destination Address                 all

Source                                        SIP_Proxy_Server

Schedule                                    always

Service                                       SIP

Action                                         ACCEPT

7. Turn on NAT and select Use OutgingInterface Address.

8. Turn on VoIP and select the default VoIP profile.

9. Select OK.

 

Configuration steps – CLI

 

To add the SIP proxy server firewall virtual IP and firewall address

1. Enter the following command to add the SIP proxy server firewall virtual IP.

config firewall vip edit SIP_Proxy_VIP

set type static-nat

set extip 172.20.120.50 set mappedip 10.31.101.50 set extintf port1

end

2. Enter the following command to add the SIP proxy server firewall address.

config firewall address edit SIP_Proxy_Server

set associated interface port2 set type ipmask

set subnet 10.31.101.50 255.255.255.255 end

 

To add security policies

1. Enter the following command to add a destination NAT security policy that includes the SIP proxy server virtual IP

that allows Phone B (and other SIP phones on the Internet) to send SIP request messages to the SIP proxy server.

config firewall policy edit 0

set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr all

set dstaddr SIP_Proxy_VIP

set action accept set schedule always set service SIP

set nat enable

set utm-status enable

set voip-profile default end

2. Enter the following command to add a source NAT security policy to allow the SIP proxy server to send SIP request messages to Phone B and the Internet:

config firewall policy edit 0

set srcintf port2 set dstintf port1

set srcaddr SIP_Proxy_Server set dstaddr all

set action accept set schedule always

set service SIP

set nat enable

set utm-status enable

set voip-profile default end


Having trouble configuring your Fortinet hardware or have some questions you need answered? Ask your questions in the comments below!!! Want someone else to deal with it for you? Get some consulting from Fortinet GURU!

Leave a Reply

Name *
Email *
Website