Interfaces

Interfaces

When setting up an address one of the parameters that is asked for is the interface. This means that the system will expect to see that address only on the interface that you select. You can only select one interface. If you expect that the address may be seen at more than one interface you can choose the “any” interface option. Whenever, possible it is best to choose a more specific interface than the “any” option because in the GUI configuration of firewall policies there is a drop down field that will show the possible addresses that can be used. The drop down will only show those addresses that can be on the interface assigned for that interface in the policy.

 

Example:

  • You have an address called “XYZ”.
  • “XYZ” is set to the WAN1 interface because that is the only interface that will be able to access that address.
  • When you are selecting a Source Address in the Web-based Manager for a policy that is using the DMZ the address “XYZ” will not be in the drop-down menu.

 

When there are only 10 or 20 addresses this is not a concern, but if there are a few hundred addresses configured it can make your life easier.

Addresses, address groups, and virtual IPs must have unique names to avoid confusion in firewall policies. If an address is selected in a policy, the address cannot be deleted until it is deselected from the policy.

Addressing Best Practices Tip

The other reason to assign a specific interface to addresses is that it will prevent you from accidentally assigning an address where it will not work properly. Using the example from earlier, if the “XYZ” address was assigned to the “Any” interface instead of WAN1 and you configure the “XYZ” address.

Addressing Best Practices Tip

Don’t specify an interface for VIP objects or other address objects that may need to be moved or approached from a different direction. When configuring a VIP you may think that it will only be associated with a single interface, but you may later find that you need to reference it on another interface.

Example: Some web applications require the use of a FQDN rather than an IP address. If you have a VIP set up that works from the Internet to the Internal LAN you wont be able to use that VIP object to access it from an internal LAN interface.

 


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