FortiWLC – Configuring Rogue AP Mitigation with Web UI

Configuring Rogue AP Mitigation with Web UI

To prevent clients of unauthorized APs from accessing your network, enable the options for both scanning for the presence of rogue APs and mitigating the client traffic originating from them. These features are set globally, with the controller managing the lists of allowable and blocked WLAN BSSIDs and coordinating the set of APs (the Mitigating APs) that perform mitigation when a rogue AP is detected.

Configuring Rogue AP Mitigation with Web UI

You can create a white-list of APs that will perform rogue detection. Other APs that are not added to this white-list will not scan for rogue AP/clients.

When rogue AP scanning (detection) is enabled, for any given period, the AP spends part of the time scanning channels (determined by the setting Scanning time in ms), and part of the time performing normal AP WLAN operations on the home channel (determined by the setting Operational time in ms). This cycle of scan/operate repeats so quickly that both tasks are performed without noticeable network operation degradation.

The channels that are scanned by a particular AP are determined by the model of the AP. As a result of the channel scan, a list of rogue APs is compiled and sent by the controller to a number of Mitigating APs that are closest to the rogue AP. Mitigating APs send mitigation (deauth) frames to the rogue AP where clients are associated to remove those clients from the network. This presence of the rogue AP generates alarms that are noted on the Web UI monitoring dashboard and via syslog alarm messages so the administrator is aware of the situation and can then remove the offending AP or update the configuration list.

As well, if a rogue device seen on the wired interface of the AP and if the device is in the AP’s discovered list of stations a wired rogue notification will be sent via the Web UI monitoring dashboard and syslog alarm message. If the rogue client is associated with the AP, that client is also classified as a rogue.

Alter the List of Allowed APs with the Web UI

To change the list of allowed APs, follow these steps:

  1. From the Web UI, Enable rogue detection from Configuration > Security > Rogue APs > Global Settings page.

Configuring Rogue AP Mitigation with Web UI

Alter the List of Blocked APs with the Web UI

To change the list of allowed APs, follow these steps:

Configuring Rogue AP Mitigation with Web UI

  1. From the Web UI click Configuration > Security > Rogue APs > Blocked APs. The table shows information about access points listed as blocked BSSIDs in the access control list (ACL).
  2. To see an updated list of the APs blocked in the WLAN, click Refresh.
  3. To add an AP to the blocked list, click Add.
    • In the BSSID box, type the BSSID, in hexadecimal format, of the access point. Add the BSSID to the ACL, by clicking OK.
  4. The blocked BSSID now appears on the list with the following information:
    • BSSID The access point’s BSSID.
    • Creation Time The timestamp of when the blocked AP entry was created.
    • Last Reported Time The time the AP was last discovered. If this field is blank, the AP has not been discovered yet.
  5. To remove a blocked BSSID from the ACL, select the checkbox of the blocked AP entry you want to delete, click Delete, and then click OK.
Configure Scanning and Mitigation Settings with the Web UI

To configure rogue AP scanning and mitigation settings, follow these steps:

  1. From the Web UI click Configuration > Security > Rogue APs > Global Settings.

The Rogue AP screen appears with the Global Settings tab selected. See Figure 62.

Figure 62: Web UI Rogue AP Global Settings

  1. In the Detection list, select one of the following:

Configuring Rogue AP Mitigation with Web UI

  • On: Enables scanning for rogue APs. Off: Disables rogue detection.
  1. In the Mitigation list, select one of the following:
    • No mitigation: No rogue AP mitigation is performed.
    • Block all BSSIDs that are not in the ACL: Enables rogue AP mitigation of all detected BSSIDs that are not specified as authorized in the Allowed APs list.
    • Block only BSSIDs in blocked list: Enables rogue AP mitigation only for the BSSIDs that are listed in the Blocked APs list.
    • Block Clients seen on the wire: Enables rogue mitigation for any rogue station detected on the wired side of the AP (the corporate network, in many cases). When Block clients seen on the wire is selected, clients seen on the corporate network are mitigated. When Block clients seen on the wire is selected and the BSSID of the wired rogue client is entered in the blocked list (see “Alter the List of Blocked APs with the Web UI” on page 310) only listed clients are mitigated.
  2. In the Rogue AP Aging box, type the amount of time that passes before the rogue AP alarm is cleared if the controller no longer detects the rogue. The value can be from 60 through 86,400 seconds.
  3. In the Number of Mitigating APs text box, enter the number of APs (from 1 to 20) that will perform scanning and mitigation of rogue APs.
  4. In the Scanning time in ms text box, enter the amount of time Mitigating APs will scan the scanning channels for rogue APs. This can be from 100 to 500 milliseconds.
  5. In the Operational time in ms text box, enter the amount of time Mitigating APs will spend in operational mode on the home channel. This can be from 100 to 5000 milliseconds.
  6. In the Max mitigation frames sent per channel text box, enter the maximum number of mitigation frames that will be sent to the detected rogue AP. This can be from 1 to 50 deauth frames.
  7. In the Scanning Channels text box, enter the list of channels that will be scanned for rogue APs. Use a comma separated list from 0 to 256 characters. The complete set of default channels are

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,36,40,44,48,52,56,60,64,149,153,157,161,165.

10.In the RSSI Threshold for Mitigation text box, enter the minimum threshold level over which stations are mitigated. The range of valid values is from to -100 to 0.

11.Click OK.


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