ADVPN with RIP as the routing protocol

ADVPN with RIP as the routing protocol

This recipe provides sample configuration of ADVPN with RIP as routing protocol. The following options must be enabled for this configuration: l On the hub FortiGate, IPsec phase1-interface net-device disable must be run. l RIP must be used between the hub and spoke FortiGates.

l split-horizon-status enable must be run on the hub FortiGate.

The following shows the sample network topology for this recipe:

As only partial configuration can be completed from the GUI, it is recommended to achieve this configuration via the CLI commands as shown below.

To configure ADVPN with RIP as the routing protocol using the FortiOS CLI:

  1. In the FortiOS CLI, configure hub FortiGate’s WAN, internal interface, and static route:

config system interface edit “port9” set alias “WAN” set ip 22.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

next edit “port10” set alias “Internal” set ip 172.16.101.1 255.255.255.0 next

end

config router static edit 1 set gateway 22.1.1.2 set device “port9”

next

end

  1. Configure the hub FortiGate:
  2. Configure the hub FortiGate IPsec phase1-interface and phase2-interface:

config vpn ipsec phase1-interface edit “advpn-hub” set type dynamic set interface “port9” set peertype any set net-device disable

set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 3des-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1

3des-sha1 set add-route disable set dpd on-idle set auto-discovery-sender enable set tunnel-search nexthop set psksecret sample set dpd-retryinterval 5

next

end

config vpn ipsec phase2-interface edit “advpn-hub” set phase1name “advpn-hub”

set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 3des-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256

3des-sha256 next

end

  1. Configure the hub FortiGate firewall policy:

config firewall policy edit 1 set name “spoke2hub” set srcintf “advpn-hub” set dstintf “port10” set srcaddr “all” set dstaddr “172.16.101.0” set action accept set schedule “always” set service “ALL”

next edit 2 set name “spoke2spoke” set srcintf “advpn-hub” set dstintf “advpn-hub” set srcaddr “all” set dstaddr “all” set action accept set schedule “always” set service “ALL”

next

end

  1. Configure the hub FortiGate’s IPsec tunnel interface IP address:

config system interface edit “advpn-hub1” set ip 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.255 set remote-ip 10.10.10.253 255.255.255.0

next

end

  1. Configure the hub FortiGate’s RIP:

config router rip set default-information-originate enable config network edit 1 set prefix 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0

next edit 2 set prefix 172.16.101.0 255.255.255.0

next

end config interface edit “advpn-hub” set split-horizon-status disable

next

end

end

  1. Configure the spoke FortiGates:
  2. Configure the spoke FortiGates’ WAN, internal interfaces, and static routes:
  3. Configure Spoke1:

config system interface edit “wan1” set alias “primary_WAN” set ip 15.1.1.2 255.255.255.0

next edit “wan2” set alias “secondary_WAN” set ip 12.1.1.2 255.255.255.0

next edit “internal” set ip 10.1.100.1 255.255.255.0

next

end config router static edit 1 set gateway 12.1.1.1 set device “wan2” set distance 15

next edit 2 set gateway 15.1.1.1 set device “wan1”

next

end

  1. Configure the Spoke2:

config system interface edit “wan1” set alias “primary_WAN” set ip 13.1.1.2 255.255.255.0

next edit “wan2” set alias “secondary_WAN” set ip 17.1.1.2 255.255.255.0

next edit “internal” set ip 192.168.4.1 255.255.255.0

next

end config router static edit 1 set gateway 17.1.1.1 set device “wan2” set distance 15

next edit 2 set gateway 13.1.1.1 set device “wan1”

next

end

  1. Configure the spoke FortiGates’ IPsec phase1-interface and phase2-interface:
  2. Configure Spoke1:

config vpn ipsec phase1-interface edit “spoke1” set interface “wan1” set peertype any set net-device enable

set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 set add-route disable set dpd on-idle

set auto-discovery-receiver enable set remote-gw 22.1.1.1 set psksecret sample set dpd-retryinterval 5

next edit “spoke1_backup” set interface “wan2” set peertype any set net-device enable

set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 set add-route disable set dpd on-idle

set auto-discovery-receiver enable set remote-gw 22.1.1.1 set monitor “spoke1” set psksecret sample set dpd-retryinterval 5

next

end

config vpn ipsec phase2-interface edit “spoke1” set phase1name “spoke1”

set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm

aes256gcm chacha20poly1305 set auto-negotiate enable

next

edit “spoke1_backup” set phase1name “spoke1_backup”

set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm

aes256gcm chacha20poly1305 set auto-negotiate enable

next

end

  1. Configure Spoke2:

config vpn ipsec phase1-interface edit “spoke2” set interface “wan1” set peertype any set net-device enable

set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 set add-route disable set dpd on-idle

set auto-discovery-receiver enable set remote-gw 22.1.1.1 set psksecret sample set dpd-retryinterval 5

next

edit “spoke2_backup” set interface “wan2” set peertype any set net-device enable

set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 set add-route disable set dpd on-idle

set auto-discovery-receiver enable set remote-gw 22.1.1.1 set monitor “spoke2” set psksecret sample set dpd-retryinterval 5

next

end

config vpn ipsec phase2-interface edit “spoke2” set phase1name “spoke2”

set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm

aes256gcm chacha20poly1305 set auto-negotiate enable

next

edit “spoke2_backup” set phase1name “spoke2_backup”

set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm

aes256gcm chacha20poly1305

set auto-negotiate enable

next

end

  1. Configure the spoke FortiGates’ firewall policies:
  2. Configure Spoke1:

config firewall policy

edit 1

set name “outbound_advpn” set srcintf “internal” set dstintf “spoke1” “spoke1_backup” set srcaddr “all” set dstaddr “all” set action accept set schedule “always” set service “ALL”

next edit 2

set name “inbound_advpn” set srcintf “spoke1” “spoke1_backup” set dstintf “internal” set srcaddr “all” set dstaddr “all” set action accept set schedule “always” set service “ALL”

next

end

  1. Configure Spoke2:

config firewall policy

edit 1

set name “outbound_advpn” set srcintf “internal” set dstintf “spoke2” “spoke2_backup” set srcaddr “all” set dstaddr “all” set action accept set schedule “always” set service “ALL”

next edit 2

set name “inbound_advpn” set srcintf “spoke2” “spoke2_backup” set dstintf “internal” set srcaddr “all” set dstaddr “all” set action accept set schedule “always” set service “ALL”

next end

  1. Configure the spoke FortiGates’ tunnel interface IP addresses:
    1. Configure Spoke1:

config system interface edit “spoke1” set ip 10.10.10.1 255.255.255.255 set remote-ip 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0

next

edit “spoke1_backup” set ip 10.10.10.2 255.255.255.255 set remote-ip 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0

next

end

  1. Configure Spoke2:

config system interface edit “spoke2” set ip 10.10.10.3 255.255.255.255 set remote-ip 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0

next

edit “spoke2_backup” set ip 10.10.10.4 255.255.255.255

set remote-ip 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0

next

end

  1. Configure the spoke FortiGates’ RIP:
    1. Configure Spoke1:

config router rip config network edit 1 set prefix 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0

next edit 2 set prefix 10.1.100.0 255.255.255.0

next

end

end

  1. Configure Spoke2:

config router rip config network edit 1 set prefix 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0

next edit 2 set prefix 192.168.4.0 255.255.255.0

next

end

end

  1. Run diagnose and get commands. All following commands should be run on Spoke1:
  2. Run the diagnose vpn tunnel list command on Spoke1. The system should return the following:

list all ipsec tunnel in vd 0

—-

name=spoke1 ver=1 serial=2 15.1.1.2:0->22.1.1.1:0

bound_if=7 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=none/536 options[0218]=npu create_dev frag-rfc accept_traffic=1

proxyid_num=1 child_num=1 refcnt=17 ilast=2 olast=2 ad=r/2 stat: rxp=1 txp=87 rxb=200 txb=6208

dpd: mode=on-idle on=1 idle=5000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=1040 natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0 proxyid=spoke1 proto=0 sa=1 ref=4 serial=1 auto-negotiate adr

src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0 dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0

SA: ref=7 options=1a227 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1438 expire=1793/0B replaywin=1024 seqno=57 esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=00000002 itn=0

life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=2370/2400

dec: spi=c53a8f60 esp=aes key=16 6b54e32d54d039196a74d96e96d1cf14 ah=sha1 key=20 e4903474614eafc96eda6400a3a5e88bbcb26a7f

enc: spi=6e36349d esp=aes key=16 914a40a7993eda75c4dea2f42905f27d ah=sha1 key=20 8040eb08342edea2dae5eee058fd054a46688267

dec:pkts/bytes=1/132, enc:pkts/bytes=86/11696

npu_flag=03 npu_rgwy=22.1.1.1 npu_lgwy=15.1.1.2 npu_selid=1 dec_npuid=1 enc_npuid=1

—-

name=spoke1_backup ver=1 serial=1 12.1.1.2:0->22.1.1.1:0

bound_if=6 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=none/536 options[0218]=npu create_dev frag-rfc accept_traffic=0

proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=11 ilast=0 olast=0 ad=/0 stat: rxp=0 txp=0 rxb=0 txb=0

dpd: mode=on-idle on=0 idle=5000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=0 natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0

proxyid=spoke1_backup proto=0 sa=0 ref=2 serial=1 auto-negotiate adr

src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0 dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0

  1. Run the get router info rip database command on Spoke1. The system should return the following:

Codes: R – RIP, Rc – RIP connected, Rs – RIP static, K – Kernel, C – Connected, S – Static, O – OSPF, I – IS-IS, B – BGP

Network            Next Hop         Metric From            If     Time

Rc 10.1.100.0/24 1.     internal Rc 10.10.10.2/32  1.     spoke1

  • 16.101.0/24 10.10.10.254 1. 10.10.10.254     spoke1 02:28

R 192.168.4.0/24      10.10.10.254              1. 10.10.10.254       spoke1 02:44

  1. Run the get router info routing-table rip command on Spoke1. The system should return the following:

Routing table for VRF=0

  • 16.101.0/24 [120/2] via 10.10.10.254, spoke1, 00:08:38 R 192.168.4.0/24 [120/3] via 10.10.10.254, spoke1, 00:08:38
  1. Generate traffic between the spokes, then check the shortcut tunnel and routing table. Run the diagnose vpn tunnel list command on Spoke1. The system should return the following:

list all ipsec tunnel in vd 0

—-

name=spoke1 ver=1 serial=2 15.1.1.2:0->22.1.1.1:0

bound_if=7 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=none/536 options[0218]=npu create_dev frag-rfc accept_traffic=1

proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=19 ilast=3 olast=3 ad=r/2 stat: rxp=1 txp=78 rxb=200 txb=5546

dpd: mode=on-idle on=1 idle=5000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=1039 natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0 proxyid=spoke1 proto=0 sa=1 ref=5 serial=1 auto-negotiate adr

src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0 dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0

SA: ref=7 options=1a227 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1438 expire=1807/0B replaywin=1024 seqno=4e esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=00000002 itn=0

life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=2370/2400

dec: spi=c53a8f60 esp=aes key=16 6b54e32d54d039196a74d96e96d1cf14 ah=sha1 key=20 e4903474614eafc96eda6400a3a5e88bbcb26a7f

enc: spi=6e36349d esp=aes key=16 914a40a7993eda75c4dea2f42905f27d ah=sha1 key=20 8040eb08342edea2dae5eee058fd054a46688267

dec:pkts/bytes=1/132, enc:pkts/bytes=77/10456

npu_flag=03 npu_rgwy=22.1.1.1 npu_lgwy=15.1.1.2 npu_selid=1 dec_npuid=1 enc_npuid=1

—-

name=spoke1_backup ver=1 serial=1 12.1.1.2:0->22.1.1.1:0

bound_if=6 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=none/536 options[0218]=npu create_dev frag-rfc accept_traffic=0

proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=11 ilast=20 olast=20 ad=/0 stat: rxp=0 txp=0 rxb=0 txb=0

dpd: mode=on-idle on=0 idle=5000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=0 natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0

proxyid=spoke1_backup proto=0 sa=0 ref=2 serial=1 auto-negotiate adr

src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0 dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0

—-

name=spoke1_0 ver=1 serial=a 15.1.1.2:4500->13.1.1.2:4500

bound_if=7 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=dial_inst/3 encap=none/728 options[02d8]=npu create_dev no-sysctl rgwy-chg frag-rfc accept_traffic=1

parent=spoke1 index=0

proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=20 ilast=2 olast=0 ad=r/2 stat: rxp=1 txp=7 rxb=112 txb=480 dpd: mode=on-idle on=1 idle=5000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=0 natt: mode=keepalive draft=32 interval=10 remote_port=4500 proxyid=spoke1 proto=0 sa=1 ref=8 serial=1 auto-negotiate adr

src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0 dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0

SA: ref=6 options=1a227 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1422 expire=2358/0B replaywin=1024 seqno=8 esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=00000002 itn=0

life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=2367/2400

dec: spi=c53a8f61 esp=aes key=16 c66aa7ae9657068108ed47c048ff56b6 ah=sha1 key=20 60661c68e20bbc913c2564ade85e01ea3769e703

enc: spi=79cb0f30 esp=aes key=16 bf6c898c2e1c64baaa679ed5d79c3b58 ah=sha1 key=20 146ca78be6c34eedb9cd66cc328216e08682ecb1

dec:pkts/bytes=1/46, enc:pkts/bytes=7/992

npu_flag=03 npu_rgwy=13.1.1.2 npu_lgwy=15.1.1.2 npu_selid=6 dec_npuid=1 enc_npuid=1

  1. Run the get router info routing-tale rip command. The system should return the following:

Routing table for VRF=0

R      172.16.101.0/24 [120/2] via 10.10.10.254, spoke1, 00:09:04

R      192.168.4.0/24 [120/2] via 10.10.10.3, spoke1_0, 00:00:02


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