Security Fabric – FortiOS 6.2

Security Fabric

The Fortinet Security Fabric provides an intelligent architecture that interconnects discrete security solutions into an integrated whole to detect, monitor, block, and remediate attacks across the entire attack surface. It delivers broad protection and visibility into every network segment and device, be they hardware, virtual, or cloud based.

  • The physical topology view shows all connected devices, including access layer devices. The logical topology view shows information about the interfaces that each device is connected to.
  • Security rating checks analyze the Security Fabric deployment to identify potential vulnerabilities and highlight best practices to improve the network configuration, deploy new hardware and software, and increase visibility and control of the network.
  • Automation pairs an event trigger with one or more actions to monitor the network and take the designated actions automatically when the Security Fabric detects a threat.
  • Fabric connectors provide integration with multiple SDN, cloud, and partner technology platforms to automate the process of managing dynamic security updates without manual intervention.

Deploy Security Fabric

This recipe provides an example of deploying Security Fabric with three downstream FortiGates connecting to one root FortiGate. To deploy Security Fabric, you need a FortiAnalyzer running firmware version 6.2.

The following shows a sample network topology of three downstream FortiGates (Accounting, Marketing, and Sales) connected to the root FortiGate (Edge).

To configure the root FortiGate (Edge):

  1. Configure interface:
    1. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Network > Interfaces.
    2. Edit port16:
      • Set Role to DMZ.
      • For the interface connected to FortiAnalyzer, set the IP/Network Mask to 168.65.2/255.255.255.0 c. Edit port10:
      • Set Role to LAN.
      • For the interface connected to the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), set the IP/Network Mask to

192.168.10.2/255.255.255.0

  1. Edit port11:
  • Set Role to LAN.
  • For the interface connected to the downstream FortiGate (Marketing), set the IP/Network Mask to 168.200.2/255.255.255.0
  1. Configure Security Fabric:
  2. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Security Fabric > Settings. l Enable FortiGate Telemetry.
    • Set a Group name, such as Office-Security-Fabric.
    • Add port10 and port11 to FortiTelemetry enabled interfaces.

After FortiGate Telemetry is enabled, FortiAnalyzer automatically enables Logging and Upload Option is set to Real Time.

  1. Set IP address to the FortiAnalyzer IP 168.65.10.
  2. Select Test Connectivity.

A warning message indicates that the FortiGate is not authorized on the FortiAnalyzer. The authorization is configured in a later step on the FortiAnalyzer.

  1. Create a policy to allow the downstream FortiGate (Accounting) to access the FortiAnalyzer:
  2. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Policy & Objects > Addresses.
    • Click Create New.
    • Set Name to FAZ-addr. l Set Type to Subnet.
    • Set Subnet/IP Range to 168.65.10/32.
    • Set Interface to any. l Click Create New.
    • Set Name to Accounting. l Set Type to Subnet.
    • Set Subnet/IP Range to 168.10.10/32.
    • Set Interface to any.
  1. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy.
  • Set Name to Accounting-to-FAZ. l Set srcintf to port10. l Set dstintf to port16.
  • Set srcaddr to Accounting-addr. l Set dstaddr to FAZ-addr. l Set Action to Accept. l Set Schedule to Always. l Set Service to All. l Enable NAT.
  • Set IP Pool Configuration to Use Outgoing Interface Address.
  1. Create a policy to allow the two downstream FortiGates (Marketing and Sales) to access the FortiAnalyzer:
  2. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and click Create New.
    • Set Name to Marketing-addr. l Set Type to Subnet.
    • Set Subnet/IP Range to 168.200.10/32.
    • Set Interface to any.
  1. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy.
  • Set Name to Marketing-to-FAZ. l Set srcintf to port11.
  • Set dstintf to port16.
  • Set srcaddr to Marketing-addr. l Set dstaddr to FAZ-addr. l Set Action to Accept. l Set Schedule to Always. l Set Service to All. l Enable NAT. l Set IP Pool Configuration to Use Outgoing Interface Address.

To configure the downstream FortiGate (Accounting):

  1. Configure interface:
    1. In the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), go to Network > Interfaces.
    2. Edit interface wan1: l Set Role to WAN.
      • For the interface connected to root, set the IP/Network Mask to 168.10.10/255.255.255.0
    3. Configure the default static route to connect to the root FortiGate (Edge):
      1. In the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), go to Network > Static Routes:
        • Set Destination to 0.0.0/0.0.0.0. l Set Interface to wan1.
        • Set Gateway Address to 168.10.2.
      2. Configure Security Fabric:
        1. In the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), go to Security Fabric > Settings.
          • Enable FortiGate Telemetry.
          • Enable Connect to upstream FortiGate.
          • FortiGate IP is filled in automatically with the default static route Gateway Address of 168.10.2 set in the previous step.
          • Leave FortiTelemetry enabled interfaces empty since there is no downstream FortiGate connecting to it.

After FortiGate Telemetry is enabled, FortiAnalyzer automatically enables Logging. Settings for the FortiAnalyzer are retrieved from the root FortiGate (Edge) when FortiGate (Accounting) connects to the root FortiGate (Edge).

To configure the downstream FortiGate (Marketing):

  1. Configure interface:
    1. In the downstream FortiGate (Marketing), go to Network > Interfaces.
    2. Edit port12:
      • Set Role to LAN.
      • For the interface connected to the downstream FortiGate (Sales), set the IP/Network Mask to 168.135.11/255.255.255.0.
    3. Edit wan1:
      • Set Role to WAN.
      • For the interface connected to the root FortiGate (Edge), set the IP/Network Mask to 168.200.10/255.255.255.0.
    4. Configure the default static route to connect to the root FortiGate (Edge):
      1. In the downstream FortiGate (Marketing), go to Network > Static Routes:
        • Set Destination to 0.0.0/0.0.0.0. l Set Interface to wan1.
        • Set Gateway Address to 168.200.2.
      2. Configure Security Fabric:
        1. In the downstream FortiGate (Marketing), go to Security Fabric > Settings.
          • Enable FortiGate Telemetry.
          • Enable Connect to upstream FortiGate.
          • FortiGate IP is filled in automatically with the default static route Gateway Address of 168.200.2 set in the previous step.
          • In FortiTelemetry enabled interfaces, add port12.

After FortiGate Telemetry is enabled, FortiAnalyzer automatically enables Logging. Settings for the FortiAnalyzer are retrieved from the root FortiGate (Edge) when FortiGate (Marketing) connects to the root FortiGate (Edge).

  1. Create a policy to allow another downstream FortiGate (Sales) going through FortiGate (Marketing) to access the FortiAnalyzer:
    1. In the downstream FortiGate (Marketing), go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and click Create New.
      • Set Name to FAZ-addr. l Set Type to Subnet.
      • Set Subnet/IP Range to 168.65.10/32.
      • Set Interface to any.
    2. Click Create New. l Set Name to Sales-addr. l Set Type to Subnet.
      • Set Subnet/IP Range to 168.135.10/32.
      • Set Interface to any.
    3. In the downstream FortiGate (Marketing), go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy.
      • Set Name to Sales-to-FAZ.
      • Set srcintf to port12. l Set dstintf to wan1.
      • Set srcaddr to Sales-addr. l Set dstaddr to FAZ-addr. l Set Action to Accept. l Set Schedule to Always. l Set Service to All. l Enable NAT. l Set IP Pool Configuration to Use Outgoing Interface Address.

 

configure the downstream FortiGate (Accounting):

Configure interface:

  1. In the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), go to Network > Interfaces.
  2. Edit interface wan1: l Set Role to WAN.
    • For the interface connected to root, set the IP/Network Mask to 168.10.10/255.255.255.0
  3. Configure the default static route to connect to the root FortiGate (Edge):
    1. In the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), go to Network > Static Routes:
      • Set Destination to 0.0.0/0.0.0.0. l Set Interface to wan1.
      • Set Gateway Address to 168.10.2.
    2. Configure Security Fabric:
      1. In the downstream FortiGate (Accounting), go to Security Fabric > Settings.
        • Enable FortiGate Telemetry.
        • Enable Connect to upstream FortiGate.
        • FortiGate IP is filled in automatically with the default static route Gateway Address of 168.10.2 set in the previous step.
        • Leave FortiTelemetry enabled interfaces empty since there is no downstream FortiGate connecting to it.

After FortiGate Telemetry is enabled, FortiAnalyzer automatically enables Logging. Settings for the FortiAnalyzer are retrieved from the root FortiGate (Edge) when FortiGate (Accounting) connects to the root FortiGate (Edge).

To configure the downstream FortiGate (Sales):

  1. Configure interface:
    1. In the downstream FortiGate (Sales), go to Network > Interfaces.
    2. Edit wan2:
      • Set Role to WAN.
      • For the interface connected to the upstream FortiGate (Marketing), set the IP/Network Mask to 168.135.10/255.255.255.0.
    3. Configure the default static route to connect to the upstream FortiGate (Marketing):
      1. In the downstream FortiGate (Sales), go to Network > Static Routes:
        • Set Destination to 0.0.0/0.0.0.0. l Set Interface to wan2.
        • Set Gateway Address to 168.135.11.
      2. Configure Security Fabric:
        1. In the downstream FortiGate (Sales), go to Security Fabric > Settings.
          • Enable FortiGate Telemetry.
          • Enable Connect to upstream FortiGate.
          • FortiGate IP is filled in automatically with the default static route Gateway Address of 168.135.11 set in the previous step.
          • Leave FortiTelemetry enabled interfaces empty since there is no downstream FortiGate connecting to it.

After FortiGate Telemetry is enabled, FortiAnalyzer automatically enables Logging. Settings for the

FortiAnalyzer are retrieved from the root FortiGate (Edge) when FortiGate (Sales) connects to the root

FortiGate (Edge).

To authorize downstream FortiGates (Accounting, Marketing, and Sales) on the root FortiGate (Edge):

  1. In the root FortiGate (Edge), go to Security Fabric > Settings.

The Topology field highlights two connected FortiGates with their serial numbers and asks you to authorize the highlighted devices.

  1. Select the highlighted FortiGates and select Authorize.

After they are authorized, the two downstream FortiGates (Accounting and Marketing) appear in the Topology field in Security Fabric > Settings. This means the two downstream FortiGates (Accounting and Marketing) have successfully joined the Security Fabric.

  1. The Topology field now highlights the FortiGate with the serial number that is connected to the downstream FortiGate (Marketing) and asks you to authorize the highlighted device.
  2. Select the highlighted FortiGates and select Authorize.

After it is authorized, the downstream FortiGate ( Sales) appears in the Topology field in Security Fabric > Settings. This means the downstream FortiGates (Sales) has successfully joined the Security Fabric.

To use FortiAnalyzer to authorize all the Security Fabric FortiGates:

  1. Authorize all the Security Fabric FortiGates on the FortiAnalyzer side:
    1. In the FortiAnalyzer, go to System Settings > Network > All Interfaces.

l Edit port1 and set IP Address/Netmask to 192.168.65.10/255.255.255.0.

  1. Go to Device Manager> Unauthorized.

All the FortiGates are listed as unauthorized.

  1. Select all the FortiGates and select Authorize. The FortiGates are now listed as authorized.

After a moment, a warning icon appears beside the root FortiGate (Edge) because the FortiAnalyzer needs administrative access to the root FortiGate (Edge) in the Security Fabric.

  1. Click the warning icon and enter the admin username and password of the root FortiGate (Edge).
  1. Check FortiAnalyzer status on all the Security Fabric FortiGates:

l On each FortiGates, go to Security Fabric > Settings and check that FortiAnalyzerLogging shows Storage usage information.

check Security Fabric deployment result:

On FortiGate (Edge), go to Dashboard > Status.

The Security Fabric widget displays all the FortiGates in the Security Fabric.

  1. On FortiGate (Edge), go to Security Fabric > Physical Topology.

This page shows a visualization of access layer devices in the Security Fabric.

  1. On FortiGate (Edge), go to Security Fabric > Physical Topology.

This dashboard shows information about the interfaces of each device in the Security Fabric.

To run diagnose commands:

  1. Run the diagnose sys csf authorization pending-list command in the root FortiGate to show the downstream FortiGate pending for root FortiGate authorization:

Edge # diagnose sys csf authorization pending-list

Serial IP Address   HA-Members   Path ————————————————————————————

FG201ETK18902514        0.0.0.0                      FG3H1E5818900718:FG201ETK18902514

  1. Run the diagnose sys csf downstream command in the root or middle FortiGate to show the downstream

FortiGates after they join Security Fabric:

Edge # diagnose sys csf downstream

1:    FG201ETK18902514 (192.168.200.10) Management-IP: 0.0.0.0 Management-port:0 parent:

FG3H1E5818900718 path:FG3H1E5818900718:FG201ETK18902514

data received: Y downstream intf:wan1 upstream intf:port11 admin-port:443 authorizer:FG3H1E5818900718

2:    FGT81ETK18002246 (192.168.10.10) Management-IP: 0.0.0.0 Management-port:0 parent:

FG3H1E5818900718 path:FG3H1E5818900718:FGT81ETK18002246

data received: Y downstream intf:wan1 upstream intf:port10 admin-port:443 authorizer:FG3H1E5818900718

3:    FG101ETK18002187 (192.168.135.10) Management-IP: 0.0.0.0 Management-port:0 parent:

FG201ETK18902514 path:FG3H1E5818900718:FG201ETK18902514:FG101ETK18002187

data received: Y downstream intf:wan2 upstream intf:port12 admin-port:443 authorizer:FG3H1E5818900718

  1. Run the diagnose sys csf upstream command in any downstream FortiGate to show the upstream

FortiGate after downstream FortiGate joins Security Fabric:

Marketing # diagnose sys csf upstream Upstream Information:

Serial Number:FG3H1E5818900718

IP:192.168.200.2

Connecting interface:wan1

Connection status:Authorized


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