WAN optimization configuration summary

WAN optimization configuration summary

This section includes a client-side and a server-side WAN Optimization configuration summary.:

Client-side configuration summary

WAN optimization profile

Enter the following command to view WAN optimization profile CLI options:

tree wanopt profile — [profile] –*name (36)

|- transparent

|- comments

|- auth-group (36)

|- <http> — status

|- secure-tunnel

|- byte-caching

|- prefer-chunking

|- tunnel-sharing |- log-traffic

|- port (1,65535)

|- ssl

|- ssl-port (1,65535)

|- unknown-http-version

+- tunnel-non-http

|- <cifs> — status

|- secure-tunnel

|- byte-caching

|- prefer-chunking

|- tunnel-sharing |- log-traffic

+- port (1,65535)

WAN optimization configuration summary

|- <mapi> — status

|- secure-tunnel

|- byte-caching

|- tunnel-sharing |- log-traffic

+- port (1,65535)

|- <ftp> — status

|- secure-tunnel

|- byte-caching

|- prefer-chunking

|- tunnel-sharing |- log-traffic

+- port (1,65535)

+- <tcp> — status

|- secure-tunnel

|- byte-caching

|- byte-caching-opt

|- tunnel-sharing

|- log-traffic

|- port

|- ssl

+- ssl-port (1,65535)

Local host ID and peer settings

config wanopt settings set host-id client

end config wanopt peer edit server set ip 10.10.2.82

end

Security policies

Two client-side WAN optimization security policy configurations are possible. One for active-passive WAN optimization and one for manual WAN optimization.

Active/passive mode on the client-side

config firewall policy edit 2 set srcintf internal set dstintf wan1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

set wanopt enable <<< enable WAN optimization set wanopt-detection active <<< set the mode to active/passive set wanopt-profile “default” <<< select the wanopt profile

next end

Manual mode on the client-side

config firewall policy edit 2 set srcintf internal set dstintf wan1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

set wanopt enable <<< enable WAN optimization set wanopt-detection off <<< sets the mode to manual set wanopt-profile “default” <<< select the wanopt profile

set wanopt-peer “server” <<< set the only peer to do wanopt

                                                                    with

(required for manual mode) next

end

server-side configuration summary

Local host ID and peer settings

config wanopt settings set host-id server

end config wanopt peer edit client set ip 10.10.2.81

end

Security policies

Two server-side WAN optimization security policy configurations are possible. One for active-passive WAN optimization and one for manual WAN optimization.

Active/passive mode on server-side

config firewall policy edit 2 <<< the passive mode policy set srcintf wan1 set dstintf internal set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection passive set wanopt-passive-opt transparent

end

config firewall proxy-policy edit 3 <<< policy that accepts wanopt tunnel connections from the      server set proxy wanopt <<< wanopt proxy type

set dstintf internal

WANopt storage

set srcaddr all set dstaddr server-subnet set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Manual mode on server-side

config firewall proxy-policy edit 3 <<< policy that accepts wanopt tunnel connections from the client set proxy wanopt <<< wanopt proxy type

set dstintf internal set srcaddr all set dstaddr server-subnet set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

WANopt storage

The config wanopt storage option has been combined with config system storage.

Setting the disk-usage mode is no longer in config system global. It is set through config system storage.

Syntax:

config system storage edit <name-string> set status enable set media-status set order set partition set device set size set usage set wanopt-mode

Option Description
status Enable/disable storage
mediastatus Enable/disable the physical status of current media
order Set storage order

WANopt cache service

Option Description
partition Label of underlying partition

Example: “MIXEDXXXE2946380”

device Partition device.

Example: “/dev/vdb1”

size Partition size.

Example: 8616

usage Use hard disk for logging and WAN Optimization.
wanoptmode WAN Optimization mode l mix – default, recommended l wanopt – recommended if only wanopt feature is enabled l webcache – recommended if only webcache feature is enabled

If only one of the two features is being used, using the applicable recommended mode will give a higher cache capacity and improve performance.

WANopt cache service

The config wanopt cache-service command is used to configure cache-service clusters between multiple FortiGates. The result is that the cache-service daemons of the different FortiGates can collaborate together for serving web cache entries.

To configure the wanopt cache-service

config wanopt cache-service set prefer-scenario set collaboration set device-id set acceptable-connections config dst-peer edit <dst-peer-name> set auth-type set encode-type set priority set ip config src-peer edit <src-peer> set auth-type set encode-type set priority set ip

Video caching

Option Description
prefer-scenario Set the preferred cache behavior to the appropriate balance between latency and hit ratio Options:

l balance – Balance between speed and cache hit ratio.

l prefer-speed – Prefer response speed at the expense of

increased cache bypasses.

l prefer-cache – Prefer improving hit-ratio through increasing latency tolerance.

collaboration enable/disable cache collaboration between cache-service clusters
device-id Set identifier for this cache device
acceptable-connections Set strategy when accepting cache collaboration connection Options:

l any – The cache-service can accept any cache collaboration connection.

l peers – The cache-service will only accept connections that are already in src-peers.

auth-type Set authentication type for this peer

Value is integer from 0 to 255

encode-type Set encode type for this peer

Value is integer from 0 to 255

priority Set priority for this peer

Value is integer from 0 to 255. Default = 1

ip Set cluster IP address of this peer

Video caching

This config wanopt content-delivery-network-rule command configures web-caching including the video-cache matching rules.

To configure the wanopt content-delivery-network-rule

config wanopt content-delivery-network-rule edit <content_rule_name> set comment set status

Video caching

set host-domain-name-suffix set category set request-cache-control set response-cache-control set response-expires set text-response-vcache set updateserver config rules

edit <rule_name> set match-mode set skip-rule-mode config match-entries edit <integer> set target set pattern

config skip-entries

set target set pattern

config content id set target set start-str set start-skip set start-direction set end-str set end-skip set end-direction set range-str

Option Description
comment Comment about this rule
status Enable/disable WAN optimization content delivery network rules
host-domain-namesuffix Suffix portion of the fully qualified domain name (eg. fortinet.com in “www.fortinet.com”)
category Content delivery network rule category
request-cachecontrol Enable/disable HTTP request cache control
response-cachecontrol Enable/disable HTTP response cache control
response-expires Enable/disable HTTP response cache expires
updateserver Enable/disable update server
match-mode Match criteria for collecting content ID
skip-rule-mode Skip mode when evaluating skip rules

Best practices

Option Description
target Option in HTTP header or URL parameter to match
pattern Pattern string for matching target (Referrer or URL pattern, eg. “a”, “a*c”, “*a*”, “a*c*e”, and “*”)
start-str String from which to start search
start-skip Number of characters in URL to skip after start-str has been matched
start-direction Search direction from start-str match
end-str String from which to end search
end-skip Number of characters in URL to skip after end-str has been matched
end-direction Search direction from end-str match
range-str Name of content ID within the start string and end string

Best practices

This is a short list of WAN optimization and explicit proxy best practices.

  • WAN optimization tunnel sharing is recommended for similar types of WAN optimization traffic. However, tunnel sharing for different types of traffic is not recommended. For example, aggressive and non-aggressive protocols should not share the same tunnel. See Best practices on page 297.
  • Active-passive HA is the recommended HA configuration for WAN optimization. See Best practices on page 297.
  • Configure WAN optimization authentication with specific peers. Accepting any peer is not recommended as this can be less secure. See Accepting any peers on page 1.
  • Set the explicit proxy Default Firewall Policy Action to Deny. This means that a security policy is required to use the explicit web proxy. See General explicit web proxy configuration steps on page 1.
  • Set the explicit FTP proxy Default Firewall Policy Action to Deny. This means that a security policy is required to use the explicit FTP proxy. See General explicit FTP proxy configuration steps on page 1.
  • Do not enable the explicit web or FTP proxy on an interface connected to the Internet. This is a security risk because anyone on the Internet who finds the proxy could use it to hide their source address. If you must enable the proxy on such an interface make sure authentication is required to use the proxy. See General explicit web proxy configuration steps on page 1.

Example basic manual (peer-to-peer) WAN optimization configuration

In a manual (peer to peer) configuration the WAN optimization tunnel can be set up between one client-side FortiGate unit and one server-side FortiGate unit. The peer ID of the server-side FortiGate unit is added to the client-side WAN optimization policy. When the client-side FortiGate unit initiates a tunnel with the server-side FortiGate unit, the packets that initiate the tunnel include information that allows the server-side FortiGate unit to determine that it is a manual tunnel request. The server-side FortiGate unit does not require a WAN optimization profile; you just need to add the client peer host ID and IP address to the server-side FortiGate unit peer list and from the CLI an explicit proxy policy to accept WAN optimization tunnel connections.

In a manual WAN optimization configuration, you create a manual WAN optimization security policy on the clientside FortiGate unit. To do this you must use the CLI to set wanopt-detection to off and to add the peer host ID of the server-side FortiGate unit to the WAN optimization security policy.

Network topology and assumptions

This example configuration includes a client-side FortiGate unit called Client-Fgt with a WAN IP address of 172.20.34.12. This unit is in front of a network with IP address 172.20.120.0. The server-side FortiGate unit is called Server_Fgt with a WAN IP address of 192.168.30.12. This unit is in front of a web server network with IP address 192.168.10.0.

This example customizes the default WAN optimization profile on the client-side FortiGate unit and adds it to the WAN optimization policy. You can also create a new WAN optimization profile.

Example manual (peer-to-peer) topology

General configuration steps

This section breaks down the configuration for this example into smaller procedures. For best results, follow the procedures in the order given:

  1. Configure the client-side FortiGate unit:

l Add peers. l Configure the default WAN optimization profile to optimize HTTP traffic. l Add a manual WAN optimization security policy.

  1. Configure the server-side FortiGate unit: l Add peers. l Add a WAN optimization tunnel policy.

Configuring basic peer-to-peer WAN optimization – web-based manager

Use the following steps to configure the example configuration from the web-based manager.

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Client-Fgt
  1. Select Apply.
  2. Select Create New and add the server-side FortiGate unit Peer Host ID and IP Address for the server-side FortiGate:
Peer Host ID Server-Fgt
IP Address 192.168.30.12
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add a firewall address for the client network.
Category Address
Name Client-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.0/24
Interface port1
  1. Select Create New to add a firewall address for the web server network.
Category Address
Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Profiles and edit the default profile.
  2. Select Transparent Mode.
  3. Under Protocol, select HTTP and for HTTP select Byte Caching. Leave the HTTP Port set to 80.
  4. Select Apply to save your changes.
  5. Go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and add a WAN optimization security policy to the client-side FortiGate unit that accepts traffic to be optimized:
Incoming Interface port1
Source Address all
Outgoing Interface port2
Destination Address all
Schedule always
Service ALL
Action ACCEPT
  1. Select Enable WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
Enable WAN Optimization active
Profile default
  1. Select OK.
  2. Edit the policy from the CLI to turn off wanopt-detection, add the peer ID of the server-side FortiGate unit, and the default WAN optimization profile. The following example assumes the ID of the policy is 5:

config firewall policy edit 5 set wanopt-detection off set wanopt-peer Server-Fgt set wanopt-profile default

end

When you set the detection mode to off the policy becomes a manual mode WAN optimization policy. On the web-based manager the WAN optimization part of the policy changes to the following:

Enable WAN Optimization Manual (Profile: default, Peer: Peer-Fgt-2)

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Server-Fgt
  1. Select Apply.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID Client-Fgt
IP Address 172.20.34.12
  1. Select OK.
  2. Enter the following CLI command to add an explicit proxy policy to accept WAN optimization tunnel connections. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all

set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Configuring basic peer-to-peer WAN optimization – CLI

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit CLI.

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the client-side FortiGate configuration: config wanopt settings set host-id Client-Fgt

end

  1. Add the server-side Local Host ID to the client-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Server-Fgt set ip 192.168.30.12

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network. config firewall address edit Client-Net set type ipmask set subnet 172.20.120.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network. config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Edit the default WAN optimization profile, select transparent mode, enable HTTP WAN optimization and enable byte caching for HTTP. Leave the HTTP Port set to 80.

config wanopt profile edit default set transparent enable config http set status enable set byte-caching enable

end

end

  1. Add a WAN optimization security policy to the client-side FortiGate unit to accept the traffic to be optimized: config firewall policy edit 0

set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set service ALL set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-profile default set wanopt-detection off set wanopt-peer Server-Fgt

end

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the server-side FortiGate configuration:

config wanopt settings set host-id Server-Fgt

end

  1. Add the client-side Local Host ID to the server-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Client-Fgt set ip 192.168.30.12

end

  1. Add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Testing and troubleshooting the configuration

To test the configuration attempt to start a web browsing session between the client network and the web server network. For example, from a PC on the client network browse to the IP address of a web server on the web server network, for example http://192.168.10.100. Even though this address is not on the client network you should be able to connect to this web server over the WAN optimization tunnel.

If you can connect, check WAN optimization monitoring. If WAN optimization has been forwarding the traffic the WAN optimization monitor should show the protocol that has been optimized (in this case HTTP) and the reduction rate in WAN bandwidth usage.

If you can’t connect you can try the following to diagnose the problem:

  • Review your configuration and make sure all details such as address ranges, peer names, and IP addresses are correct.
  • Confirm that the security policy on the client-side FortiGate unit is accepting traffic for the 192.168.10.0 network. You can do this by checking the policy monitor (Monitor > Firewall User Monitor). Look for sessions that use the policy ID of this policy.
  • Check routing on the FortiGate units and on the client and web server networks to make sure packets can be forwarded as required. The FortiGate units must be able to communicate with each other, routing on the client network must allow packets destined for the web server network to be received by the client-side FortiGate unit, and packets from the server-side FortiGate unit must be able to reach the web servers.

You can use the following get and diagnose commands to display information about how WAN optimization is operating.

Enter the following command to list all of the running WAN optimization tunnels and display information about each one. The command output for the client-side FortiGate unit shows 10 tunnels all created by peer-to-peer WAN optimization rules (auto-detect set to off).

diagnose wad tunnel list

Tunnel: id=100 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=100 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=348 bytes_out=384

Tunnel: id=99 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=99 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=348 bytes_out=384

Tunnel: id=98 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=98 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=348 bytes_out=384

Tunnel: id=39 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=39 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=1068 bytes_out=1104

Tunnel: id=7 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=7 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=1228 bytes_out=1264

Tunnel: id=8 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=8 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=1228 bytes_out=1264

Tunnel: id=5 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=5 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=

 

bytes_in=1228 bytes_out=1264

Tunnel: id=4 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=4 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=1228 bytes_out=1264

Tunnel: id=1 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=1 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=1228 bytes_out=1264

Tunnel: id=2 type=manual vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=3

peer name=Web-servers id=2 ip=192.168.30.12

SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp= bytes_in=1228 bytes_out=1264

Tunnels total=10 manual=10 auto=0

Example active-passive WAN optimization

In active-passive WAN optimization you add an active WAN optimization policy to the client-side FortiGate unit and you add a WAN optimization tunnel policy and a passive WAN optimization policy to the server-side FortiGate unit.

The active policy accepts the traffic to be optimized and sends it down the WAN optimization tunnel to the serverside FortiGate unit. The active policy can also apply security profiles and other features to traffic before it exits the client-side FortiGate unit.

A tunnel explicit proxy policy on the sever-side FortiGate unit allows the server-side FortiGate unit to form a WAN optimization tunnel with the client-side FortiGate unit. The passive WAN optimization policy is required because of the active policy on the client-side FortiGate unit. You can also use the passive policy to apply WAN optimization transparent mode and features such as security profiles, logging, traffic shaping and web caching to the traffic before it exits the server-side FortiGate unit.

Network topology and assumptions

On the client-side FortiGate unit this example configuration includes a WAN optimization profile that optimizes CIFS, HTTP, and FTP traffic and an active WAN optimization policy. The active policy also applies virus scanning to the WAN optimization traffic.

On the server-side FortiGate unit, the passive policy applies application control to the WAN optimization traffic.

In this example, WAN optimization transparent mode is selected in the WAN optimization profile and the passive WAN optimization policy accepts this transparent mode setting. This means that the optimized packets maintain their original source and destination addresses. As a result, routing on the client network must be configured to route packets for the server network to the client-side FortiGate unit. Also the routing configuration on the server network must be able to route packets for the client network to the server-side FortiGate unit.

Example active-passive WAN optimization topology

General configuration steps

This section breaks down the configuration for this example into smaller procedures. For best results, follow the procedures in the order given:

  1. Configure the client-side FortiGate unit:
    • Add peers. l Add a WAN optimization profile to optimize CIFS, FTP, and HTTP traffic. l Add firewall addresses for the client and web server networks. l Add an active WAN optimization policy.
  2. Configure the server-side FortiGate unit by:
    • Add peers. l Add firewall addresses for the client and web server networks. l Add a passive WAN optimization policy. l Add a WAN optimization tunnel policy.

Configuring basic active-passive WAN optimization – web-based manager

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit web-based manager.

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Client-Fgt
  1. Select Apply.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID Server-Fgt
IP Address 192.168.20.1
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Profilesand select Create New to add a WAN optimization profile to optimize CIFS, HTTP, and FTP traffic:
Name Custom-wan-opt-pro
Transparent Mode Select
  1. Select the CIFS protocol, select Byte Caching and set the Port to 445.
  2. Select the FTP protocol, select Byte Caching and set the Port to 21.
  3. Select the HTTP protocol, select Byte Caching and set the Port to 80.
  4. Select OK.
  5. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add an address for the client network.
Category Address
Address Name Client-Net
Type IP Range
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.100-172.20.120.200
Interface port1
  1. Select Create New to add an address for the web server network.
Category Address
Address Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and select Create New to add an active WAN optimization security policy:
Incoming Interface port1
Source Address Client-Net
Outgoing Interface port2
Destination Address Web-Server-Net
Schedule always
Service HTTP

FTP

SMB

Action ACCEPT
  1. Turn on WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
WAN Optimization active
Profile Custom-wan-opt-pro
  1. Turn on Antivirus and select the default antivirus profile.
  2. Select OK.

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Server-Fgt
  1. Select Apply.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID Client-Fgt
IP Address 172.30.120.1
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add an address for the client network.
Category Address
Address Name Client-Net
Type IP Range
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.100-172.20.120.200
Interface port1
  1. Select Create New to add a firewall address for the web server network.
Category Address
Address Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Select OK.
  2. Select Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and select Create New to add a passive WAN optimization policy that applies application control.
Incoming Interface port2
Source Address Client-Net
Outgoing Interface port1
Destination Address Web-Server-Net
Schedule always
Service ALL
Action ACCEPT
  1. Turn on WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
WAN Optimization passive
Passive Option default
  1. Select OK.
  2. From the CLI enter the following command to add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Configuring basic active-passive WAN optimization – CLI

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit CLI.

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the client-side FortiGate configuration: config wanopt settings set host-id Client-Fgt

end

  1. Add the server-side Local Host ID to the client-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Server-Fgt set ip 192.168.20.1 end

  1. Add a WAN optimization profile to optimize CIFS, HTTP, and FTP traffic.

config wanopt profile

edit Custom-wan-opt-pro config cifs

set status enable set byte-caching enable set port 445

end config http

set status enable set byte-caching enable

set port 80 end config ftp

set status enable set byte-caching enable

set port 21 end

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network.

config firewall address edit Client-Net

set type iprange set start-ip 172.20.120.100 set end-ip 172.20.120.200 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network.

config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net

set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Add an active WAN optimization security policy that applies virus scanning:

config firewall policy edit 0

set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr Client-net set dstaddr Web-Server-Net set action accept set service HTTP FTP SMB set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection active set wanopt-profile Custom-wan-opt-pro

end

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the server-side FortiGate configuration:

config wanopt settings

set host-id Server-Fgt end

  1. Add the client-side Local Host ID to the server-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Client-Fgt set ip 172.20.120.1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network.

config firewall address edit Client-Net set type iprange set start-ip 172.20.120.100 set end-ip 172.20.120.200 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network.

config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Add a passive WAN optimization policy.

config firewall policy edit 0 set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr Client-Net set dstaddr Web-Server-Net set action accept set service ALL set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection passive set wanopt-passive-opt default

end

  1. Add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Testing and troubleshooting the configuration

To test the configuration attempt to start a web browsing session between the client network and the web server network. For example, from a PC on the client network browse to the IP address of a web server on the web server network, for example http://192.168.10.100. Even though this address is not on the client network you should be able to connect to this web server over the WAN optimization tunnel.

If you can connect, check WAN optimization monitoring. If WAN optimization has been forwarding the traffic the WAN optimization monitor should show the protocol that has been optimized (in this case HTTP) and the reduction rate in WAN bandwidth usage.

If you can’t connect you can try the following to diagnose the problem:

  • Review your configuration and make sure all details such as address ranges, peer names, and IP addresses are correct.
  • Confirm that the security policy on the Client-Side FortiGate unit is accepting traffic for the 192.168.10.0 network and that this security policy does not include security profiles. You can do this by checking the FortiGate session table from the dashboard. Look for sessions that use the policy ID of this policy.
  • Check routing on the FortiGate units and on the client and web server networks to make sure packets can be forwarded as required. The FortiGate units must be able to communicate with each other, routing on the client network must allow packets destined for the web server network to be received by the client-side FortiGate unit, and packets from the server-side FortiGate unit must be able to reach the web servers etc.

You can use the following get and diagnose commands to display information about how WAN optimization is operating

Enter the following command to list all of the running WAN optimization tunnels and display information about each one. The command output shows 3 tunnels all created by peer-to-peer WAN optimization rules (auto-detect set to on).

diagnose wad tunnel list

Tunnel: id=139 type=auto vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=1 peer name= id=0 ip=unknown SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=test bytes_in=744 bytes_out=76

Tunnel: id=141 type=auto vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=1 peer name= id=0 ip=unknown SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=test bytes_in=727 bytes_out=76

Tunnel: id=142 type=auto vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=1 peer name= id=0 ip=unknown SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=test bytes_in=727 bytes_out=76

Tunnels total=3 manual=0 auto=3

Example adding secure tunneling to an active-passive WAN optimization configuration

This example shows how to configure two FortiGate units for active-passive WAN optimization with secure tunneling. The same authentication group is added to both FortiGate units. The authentication group includes a password (or pre-shared key) and has Peer Acceptance set to Accept any Peer. An active policy is added to the client-side FortiGate unit and a passive policy to the server-side FortiGate unit. The active policy includes a profile that performs secure tunneling, optimizes HTTP traffic, and uses transparent mode and byte caching.

The authentication group is named Auth-Secure-Tunnel and the password for the pre-shared key is 2345678. The topology for this example is shown below. This example includes web-based manager configuration steps followed by equivalent CLI configuration steps. For information about secure tunneling, see Secure tunneling on page 1.

Network topology and assumptions

This example configuration includes a client-side FortiGate unit called Client-net with a WAN IP address of 172.30.120.1.This unit is in front of a network with IP address 172.20.120.0. The server-side FortiGate unit is called Web-servers and has a WAN IP address of 192.168.20.1. This unit is in front of a web server network with IP address 192.168.10.0.

Example active-passive WAN optimization and secure tunneling topology

General configuration steps

This section breaks down the configuration for this example into smaller procedures. For best results, follow the procedures in the order given:

  1. Configure the client-side FortiGate unit:
    • Add peers. l Add an authentication group. l Add an active WAN optimization policy.
  2. Configure the server-side FortiGate unit. l Add peers.
    • Add the same authentication group l Add a passive WAN optimization policy that applies application control. l Add a WAN optimization tunnel policy.

Also note that if you perform any additional actions between procedures, your configuration may have different results.

Configuring WAN optimization with secure tunneling – web-based manager

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit web-based manager. (CLI steps follow.)

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Client-Fgt
  1. Select Apply to save your setting.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID Server-Fgt
IP Address 192.168.20.1
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Authentication Groups and select Create New to add the authentication group to be used for secure tunneling:
Name Auth-Secure-Tunnel
Authentication Method Pre-shared key
Password 2345678
Peer Acceptance Accept Any Peer
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Profiles and select Create New to add a WAN optimization profile that enables secure tunneling and includes the authentication group:
Name Secure-wan-op-pro
Transparent Mode Select
Authentication Group Auth-Secure-tunnel
  1. Select the HTTP protocol, select Secure Tunneling and Byte Caching and set the Port to 80.
  2. Select OK.
  3. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add a firewall address for the client network.
  Category Address
  Name Client-Net
Type Subnet  
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.0/24  
Interface port1  
  1. Select Create New to add a firewall address for the web server network.
Category Address
Address Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and select Create New to add an active WAN optimization security policy:
Incoming Interface port1
Source Address Client-Net
Outgoing Interface port2
Destination Address Web-Server-Net
Schedule always
Service HTTP
Action ACCEPT
  1. Turn on WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
WAN Optimization active
Profile Secure-wan-opt-pro
  1. Select OK.

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Server-Fgt
  1. Select Apply to save your setting.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID Client-Fgt
IP Address 172.30.120.1
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Authentication Groups and select Create New and add an authentication group to be used for secure tunneling:
Name Auth-Secure-Tunnel
Authentication Method Pre-shared key
Password 2345678
Peer Acceptance Accept Any Peer
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add a firewall address for the client network.
Category Address
Name Client-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.0/24
Interface port1
  1. Select Create New to add a firewall address for the web server network.
Category Address
Address Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Select OK.
  2. Select Create New to add a passive WAN optimization policy that applies application control.
Incoming Interface port2  
Source Address Client-Net  
Outgoing Interface port1  
Destination Address Web-Server-Net  
  Schedule always
  Service ALL
  Action ACCEPT
  1. Turn on WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
WAN Optimization passive
Passive Option default
  1. Select OK.
  2. From the CLI enter the following command to add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Configuring WAN optimization with secure tunneling – CLI

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit CLI.

To the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the client-side FortiGate configuration:

config wanopt settings set host-id Client-Fgt

end

  1. Add the server-side Local Host ID to the client-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Server-Fgt set ip 192.168.20.1

end

  1. Add a new authentication group to be used for secure tunneling:

config wanopt auth-group edit Auth-Secure-Tunnel set auth-method psk set psk 2345678

end

Leave peer-accept at its default value.

  1. Add a WAN optimization profile that enables secure tunneling and includes the authentication group, enables HTTP protocol optimization, and enables secure tunneling and byte caching for HTTP traffic:

config wanopt profile edit Secure-wan-op-pro set auth-group Auth-Secure-Tunnel config http set status enable set secure-tunnel enable set byte-caching enable set port 80 end

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network.

config firewall address edit Client-Net set type ipmask set subnet 172.20.120.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network.

config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Add an active WAN optimization security policy that includes the WAN optimization profile that enables secure tunneling and that applies virus scanning:

config firewall policy edit 0 set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr Client-Net set dstaddr Web-Server-Net set action accept set service HTTP set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection active set wanopt-profile Secure-wan-opt-pro

end

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the server-side FortiGate configuration:

config wanopt settings set host-id Server-Fgt

end

  1. Add the client-side Local Host ID to the server-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Client-Fgt set ip 172.20.120.1 end

  1. Add an authentication group to be used for secure tunneling:

config wanopt auth-group edit Auth-Secure-Tunnel

set auth-method psk set psk 2345678

end

Leave peer-accept at its default value.

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network. config firewall address edit Client-Net

set type ipmask set subnet 172.20.120.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network. config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net

set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Add a passive WAN optimization policy.

config firewall policy edit 0

set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr Client-Net set dstaddr Web-Server-Net set action accept set service ALL set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection passive set wanopt-passive-opt default

end

  1. Add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy.

configure firewall proxy-policy

edit 0

set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next end

 


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