Basic load balancing configuration example

Basic load balancing configuration example

This section describes the steps required to configure the load balancing configuration shown below. In this configuration a FortiGate-51B unit is load balancing HTTP traffic from the Internet to three HTTP servers on the Internal network. HTTP sessions are accepted at the wan1 interface with destination IP address 172.20.120.121 on TCP port 8080 and forwarded from the internal interface to the web servers. When forwarded the destination address of the sessions is translated to the IP address of one of the web servers.

The load balancing configuration also includes session persistence using HTTP cookies, round-robin load balancing, and TCP health monitoring for the real servers. Ping health monitoring consists of the FortiGate unit using ICMP ping to make sure the web servers can respond to network traffic.

Virtual server and real servers setup

To configure the example load balancing configuration – general configuration steps

  1. Add a load balance ping health check monitor.

A ping health check monitor causes the FortiGate unit to ping the real servers every 10 seconds. If one of the servers does not respond within 2 seconds, the FortiGate unit will retry the ping 3 times before assuming that the HTTP server is not responding.

  1. Add a load balance virtual server.
  2. Add the three load balance real servers to the virtual server.
  3. Add a security policy that includes the load balance virtual server as the destination address.

To configure the example load balancing configuration

  1. Go to Policy & Objects > Health Check and add the following health check monitor.
Name   Ping-mon-1
Type   Ping
Interval   10 seconds
Timeout   2 seconds
Retry   3
  1. Go to Policy & Objects > Virtual Servers and add a virtual server that accepts the traffic to be load balanced.
Name Vserver-HTTP-1
Type HTTP
Interface wan1
Virtual Server IP 172.20.120.121
Virtual Server Port 8080
Load Balance Method Round Robin
Persistence HTTP Cookie
Health Check Ping-mon-1
HTTP Multiplexing Do not select
Preserve Client IP Do not select
  1. On the same GUI page and the real servers to the virtual server.
IP Address   10.31.101.30
Port   80
Max Connections   0
Mode   Active

Basic load balancing configuration example

IP Address 10.31.101.40
Port 80
Max Connections 0
Mode Active
IP Address 10.31.101.50
Port 80
Max Connections 0
Mode Active
  1. Go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and add a wan1 to internal security policy that includes the virtual server.

This policy also applies an Antivirus profile to the load balanced sessions.

Name Example-policy
Incoming Interface wan1
Outgoing Interface internal
Source all
Destination Vserver-HTTP-1
Schedule always
Service ALL
Action ACCEPT
NAT Turn on NAT and select Use Outgoing Interface Address.
Antivirus Turn on and select an Antivirus profile.
  1. Select OK.

To configure the example load balancing configuration from the CLI

  1. Use the following command to add a Ping health check monitor.

config firewall ldb-monitor edit ping-mon-l set type ping set interval 10 set timeout 2

set retry 3 end

  1. Use the following command to add the virtual server that accepts HTTP sessions on port 8080 at the wan1 interface and load balances the traffic to three real servers. config firewall vip

Basic load balancing configuration example

edit Vserver-HTTP-1 set type server-load-balance set server-type http set ldb-method round-robin set extip 172.20.120.30 set extintf wan1 set extport 8080 set persistence http-cookie set monitor tcp-mon-1 config realservers edit 1 set ip 10.31.101.30

set port 80 next edit 2 set ip 10.31.101.40

set port 80 end edit 3 set ip 10.31.101.50

set port 80 end

end

  1. Use the following command to add a security policy that includes the load balance virtual server as the destination address.

config firewall policy edit 0 set srcintf wan1 set srcaddr all set dstintf internal set dstaddr Vserver-HTTP-1 set action accept set schedule always set service ALL set nat enable set utm-status enable

set profile-protocol-options default set av-profile scan end

 


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