Getting started with FortiGate-7000

Getting started with FortiGate-7000

Once you have installed your FortiGate-7000 chassis in a rack and installed FIM interface modules and FPM processing modules in it you can power on the chassis and all modules in the chassis will power up.

Whenever a chassis is first powered on, it takes about 5 minutes for all modules to start up and become completely initialized and synchronized. During this time the chassis will not allow traffic to pass through and you may not be able to log into the GUI, or if you manage to log in the session could time out as the FortiGate-7000 continues negotiating.

Review the chassis and module front panel LEDs to verify that everything is operating normally. Wait until the chassis has complete started up and synchronized before making configuration changes. You can use the diagnose system ha status command to confirm that the FortiGate-7000 is completely initialized. If the output from entering this command hasn’t changed after checking for a few minutes you can assume that the system has initialized. You don’t normally have to confirm that the system has initialized, but this diagnose command is available if needed.

You can configure and manage the FortiGate-7000 by connecting an Ethernet cable to one of the MGMT1 to MGMT4 interfaces of one of the FIM interface modules in the chassis. By default the MGMT1 to MGMT4 interfaces of both interface modules have been added to a static 802.3 aggregate interface called mgmt with a default IP address of 192.168.1.99.

You can connect to any of the MGMT1 to MGMT4 interfaces to create a management connection to the FortiGate-7000. You can also set up a switch with a static 802.3 aggregate interface and connect the switch ports in the aggregate interface to multiple MGMT1 to MGMT4 interfaces to set up redundant management connections to the FortiGate-7000.

Connect to the GUI by browsing to https://192.168.1.99. Log into the GUI using the admin account with no password. Connect to the CLI by using SSH to connect to 192.168.1.99. You may have to enable SSH administrative access for the mgmt interface before you can connect to the CLI.

Once you have logged into the GUI or CLI you can view and change the configuration of your FortiGate-7000 just like any FortiGate. For example, all of the interfaces from both interface modules are visible and you can configure firewall policies between any two interfaces, even if they are physically in different interface modules. You can also configure aggregate interfaces that include physical interfaces from both interface modules.

The following example Unit Operation dashboard widget shows a FortiGate-7040E with FIM-7901E modules in slots 1 and 2 and FPM modules in slots 3 and 4.

Managing individual modules

Example FortiGate-7040 unit operation widget view

Managing individual modules

When you log into the GUI or CLI using the mgmt interface IP address you are actually connected to the primary (or master) interface module in slot 1 (the address of slot 1 is FIM01). To verify which module you have logged into, the GUI header banner or CLI prompt shows the hostname of the module you are logged into plus the slot address in the format <hostname> (<slot address>).

In some cases you may want to connect to individual modules. For example, you may want to view the traffic being processed by a specific processor module. You can connect to the GUI or CLI of individual modules in the chassis using the system management IP address with a special port number.

For example, if the system management IP address is 192.168.1.99 you can connect to the GUI of the interface module in slot 1 using the system management IP address (for example, by browsing to https://192.168.1.99). You can also use the system management IP address followed by the special port number, for example https://192.168.1.99:44301.

The special port number (in this case 44301) is a combination of the service port (for HTTPS the service port is 443) and the chassis slot number (in this example, 01). The following table lists the special ports to use to connect to each chassis slot using common admin protocols:

Connecting to module CLIs using the management module FortiGate-7000 special administration port numbers

Slot Number Slot Address HTTP

(80)

HTTPS (443) Telnet

(23)

SSH (22) SNMP (161)
5 Processor module FPM05 8005 44305 2305 2205 16105
3 Processor module FPM03 8003 44303 2303 2203 16103
1 Primary Interface module FIM01 8001 44301 2301 2201 16101
2 Interface module FIM02 8002 44302 2302 2202 16102
4 Processor module FPM04 8004 44304 2304 2204 16104
6 Processor module FPM06 8006 44306 2306 2206 16106

For example:

l To connect to the GUI of the interface module in slot 3 using HTTPS you would browse to https://192.168.1.99:44303. l To send an SNMP query to the processor module in slot 6 use the port number 16106.

The FortiGate-7000 configuration is the same no matter which modem you log into. Logging into different modules allows you to use FortiView or Monitor GUI pages to view the activity on that module. Even though you can log into different modules, you should only make configuration changes from the primary interface module; which is the FIM module in slot 1.

Managing individual modules from the CLI

From the CLI you can use the following command to switch between chassis slots and perform different operations on the modules in each slot:

execute load-balance slot {manage | power-off | power-on | reboot} <slot-number> Use manage to connect to the CLI of a different module, use power-off, power-on, and reboot to turn off or turn on the power or reboot the module in <slot-number>.

Connecting to module CLIs using the management module

All FortiGate-7000 chassis includes a front panel management module (also called a shelf manager) on the chassis front panel. See the system guide for your chassis for details about the management module.

Connecting to module CLIs using the management module

ForiGate-7040E management module front panel

The management module includes two console ports named Console 1 and Console 2 that can be used to connect to the CLI of the FIM and FPM modules in the chassis. As described in the system guide, the console ports are also used to connect to SMC CLIs of the management module and the FIM and FPM modules

By default when the chassis first starts up Console 1 is connected to the FortiOS CLI of the FIM module in slot 1 and Console 2 is disconnected. The default settings for connecting to each console port are:

Baud Rate (bps) 9600, Data bits 8, Parity None, Stop bits 1, and Flow Control None.

You can use the console connection change buttons to select the CLI that each console port is connected to. Press the button to cycle through the FIM and FPM module FortiOS CLIs and disconnect this console. The console’s LEDs indicate what it is connected to. If no LED is lit the console is either connected to the management module SMC SDI console or disconnected. Both console ports cannot be connected to the same CLI at the same time. If a console button press would cause a conflict that module is skipped. If one of the console ports is disconnected then the other console port can connect to any CLI.

If you connect a PC to one of the management module console ports with a serial cable and open a terminal session you begin by pressing Ctrl-T to enable console switching mode. Press Ctrl-T multiple times to cycle through the FIM and FPM module FortiOS CLIs (the new destination is displayed in the terminal window). If you press Ctrl-T after connecting to the FPM module in the highest slot number, the console is disconnected. Press Ctrl-T again to start over again at slot 1.

Once the console port is connected to the CLI that you want to use, press Enter to enable the CLI and login. The default administrator account for accessing the FortiOS CLIs is admin with no password.

When your session is complete you can press Ctrl-T until the prompt shows you have disconnected from the console.

Connecting to the FortiOS CLI of the FIM module in slot 1

Use the following steps to connect to the FortiOS CLI of the FIM module in slot 1:

  1. Connect the console cable supplied with your chassis to Console 1 and to your PC or other device RS-232 console port.
  2. Start a terminal emulation program on the management computer. Use these settings: Baud Rate (bps) 9600, Data bits 8, Parity None, Stop bits 1, and Flow Control None.

Default VDOM configuration

  1. Press Ctrl-T to enter console switch mode.
  2. Repeat pressing Ctrl-T until you have connected to slot 1. Example prompt:

<Switching to Console: FIM01 (9600)>

  1. Login with an administrator name and password.

The default is admin with no password. For security reasons, it is strongly recommended that you change the password.

  1. When your session is complete, enter the exit command to log out.

Default VDOM configuration

By default when the FortiGate-7000 first starts up it is operating in multiple VDOM mode. The system has a management VDOM (named dmgmt-vdom) and the root VDOM. All management interfaces are in dmgmt-vdom and all other interfaces are in the root VDOM. You can add more VDOMs and add interfaces to them or just use the root VDOM.

Default management VDOM

By default the FortiGate-7000 configuration includes a management VDOM named dmgmt-vdom. For the

FortiGate-7000 system to operate normally you should not change the configuration of this VDOM and this VDOM should always be the management VDOM. You should also not add or remove interfaces from this VDOM.

You have full control over the configurations of other FortiGate-7000 VDOMs.

Firmware upgrades

All of the modules in your FortiGate-7000 run the same firmware image. You upgrade the firmware from the primary interface module GUI or CLI just as you would any FortiGate product. During the upgrade process the firmware of all of the modules in the chassis upgrades in one step. Firmware upgrades should be done during a quiet time because traffic will briefly be interrupted during the upgrade process.

If you are operating two FortiGate-7000 chassis in HA mode with uninterruptable-upgrade and session-pickup enabled, firmware upgrades should only cause a minimal traffic interruption. Use the following command to enable these settings. These settings are synchronized to all modules in the cluster.

config system ha set uninterruptable-upgrade enable set session-pickup enable

end

Restarting the FortiGate-7000

To restart all of the modules in a FortiGate-7000 chassis, connect to the primary FIM module CLI and enter the command execute reboot. When you enter this command all of the modules in the chassis reboot.

Load balancing

You can restart individual modules by logging into that module’s CLI and entering the execute reboot command.

Load balancing

FortiGate-7000E session-aware load balancing (SLBC) distributes TCP, UDP, and SCTP traffic from the interface modules to the processor modules. Traffic is load balanced based on the algorithm set by the following command:

config load-balance setting set dp-load-distribution-method {round-robin | src-ip | dst-ip | src-dst-ip | src-ipsport | dst-ip-dport | src-dst-ip-sport-dport}

end Where:

round-robin Directs new requests to the next slot regardless of response time or number of connections. src-ip traffic load is distributed across all slots according to source IP address. dst-ip traffic load is statically distributed across all slots according to destination IP address. src-dst-ip traffic load is distributed across all slots according to the source and destination IP addresses. src-ip-sport traffic load is distributed across all slots according to the source IP address and source port.

dst-ip-dport traffic load is distributed across all slots according to the destination IP address and destination port.

src-dst-ipsport-dport traffic load is distributed across all slots according to the source and destination IP address, source port, and destination port. This is the default load balance distribution method and represents true session-aware load balancing.

Traffic that cannot be load balanced

Some traffic types cannot be load balanced. Traffic that cannot be load balanced is all processed by the primary FPM module, which is usually the FPM module in slot 3. Internal to the system this FPM module is designated as the ELBC master. If the FPM module in slot 3 fails or is rebooted, the next FPM module will become the primary FPM module.

You can configure the FortiGate-7000 to send any type of traffic to the primary FPM or to other specific FPM modules using the config loadbalance flow-rule command. By default, traffic that is only sent to the primary FPM module includes, IPsec, IKE, GRE, session helper, Kerberos, BGP, RIP, IPv4 and IPv6 DHCP, PPTP, BFD, IPv4 multicast and IPv6 multicast. You can view the default configuration of the config loadbalance flow-rule command to see how this is all configured. For example, the following configuration sends all IKE traffic to the primary FPM:

config load-balance flow-rule edit 1 set status enable set vlan 0 set ether-type ip set protocol udp set src-l4port 500-500 set dst-l4port 500-500 set action forward

Recommended configuration for traffic that cannot be load balanced

set forward-slot master set priority 5 set comment “ike”

next edit 2 set status disable set vlan 0 set ether-type ip set protocol udp set src-l4port 4500-4500 set dst-l4port 0-0 set action forward set forward-slot master set priority 5 set comment “ike-natt src”

next edit 3 set status disable set vlan 0 set ether-type ip set protocol udp set src-l4port 0-0 set dst-l4port 4500-4500 set action forward set forward-slot master set priority 5 set comment “ike-natt dst”

next

Recommended configuration for traffic that cannot be load balanced

The following flow rules are recommended to handle common forms of traffic that cannot be load balanced. These flow rules send GPRS (port 2123), SSL VPN, IPv4 and IPv6 IPsec VPN, ICMP and ICMPv6 traffic to the primary (or master) FPM.

The CLI syntax below just shows the configuration changes. All other options are set to their defaults. For example, the flow rule option that controls the FPM slot that sessions are sent to is forward-slot and in all cases below forward-slot is set to its default setting of master. This setting sends matching sessions to the primary (or master) FPM.

config load-balance flow-rule edit 20 set status enable set ether-type ipv4 set protocol udp set dst-l4port 2123-2123

next edit 21 set status enable set ether-type ip set protocol tcp set dst-l4port 10443-10443 set comment “ssl vpn to the primary FPM”

next edit 22

Recommended configuration for traffic that cannot be load balanced

set status enable set ether-type ipv4 set protocol udp set src-l4port 500-500 set dst-l4port 500-500 set comment “ipv4 ike”

next edit 23 set status enable set ether-type ipv4 set protocol udp set src-l4port 4500-4500 set comment “ipv4 ike-natt src”

next edit 24 set status enable set ether-type ipv4 set protocol udp set dst-l4port 4500-4500 set comment “ipv4 ike-natt dst”

next edit 25 set status enable set ether-type ipv4 set protocol esp set comment “ipv4 esp”

next edit 26 set status enable set ether-type ipv6 set protocol udp set src-l4port 500-500 set dst-l4port 500-500 set comment “ipv6 ike”

next edit 27 set status enable set ether-type ipv6 set protocol udp set src-l4port 4500-4500 set comment “ipv6 ike-natt src”

next edit 28 set status enable set ether-type ipv6 set protocol udp set dst-l4port 4500-4500 set comment “ipv6 ike-natt dst”

next edit 29 set status enable set ether-type ipv6 set protocol esp set comment “ipv6 esp”

next edit 30 set ether-type ipv4

Configuration synchronization

set protocol icmp set comment “icmp”

next edit 31 set status enable set ether-type ipv6 set protocol icmpv6 set comment “icmpv6”

next edit 32 set ether-type ipv6 set protocol 41

end

Configuration synchronization

The FortiGate-7000 synchronizes the configuration to all modules in the chassis. To support this feature, the interface module in slot 1 becomes the config-sync master and this module makes sure the configurations of all modules are synchronized. Every time you make a configuration change you must be logged into the chassis using the management address, which logs you into the config-sync master. All configuration changes made to the config-sync master are synchronized to all of the modules in the chassis.

If the FIM module in slot 1 fails or reboots, the FIM module in slot 2 becomes the config-sync master.

Failover in a standalone FortiGate-7000

A FortiGate-7000 will continue to operate even if one of the FIM or FPM modules fails or is removed. If an FPM module fails, sessions being processed by that module fail. All sessions are then load balanced to the remaining FPM modules. Sessions that were being processed by the failed module are restarted and load balanced to the remaining FPM modules.

If an FIM module fails, the other FIM module will continue to operate and will become the config-sync master. However, traffic received by the failed FIM module will be lost.

You can use LACP or redundant interfaces to connect interfaces of both FIMs to the same network. In this way, if one of the FIMs fails the traffic will continue to be received by the other FIM module.

Replacing a failed FPM or FIM module

This section describes how to remove a failed FPM or FIM module and replace it with a new one. The procedure is slightly different depending on if you are operating in HA mode with two chassis or just operating a standalone chassis.

Replacing a failed module in a standalone FortiGate-7000 chassis

  1. Power down the failed module by pressing the front panel power button.
  2. Remove the module from the chassis.
  3. Insert the replacement module. It should power up when inserted into the chassis if the chassis has power.

Replacing a failed FPM or FIM module

  1. The module’s configuration is synchronized and its firmware is upgraded to match the firmware version on the primary module. The new module reboots.
  2. If the module will be running FortiOS Carrier, apply the FortiOS Carrier license to the module. The module reboots.
  3. Confirm that the new module is running the correct firmware version either from the GUI or by using the config system status

Manually update the module to the correct version if required. You can do this by logging into the module and performing a firmware upgrade.

  1. Verify that the configuration has been synchronized.

The following command output shows the sync status of the FIM modules in a FortiGate-7000 chassis. The field in_sync=1 indicates that the configurations of the modules are synchronized.

diagnose sys confsync status | grep in_sy

FIM04E3E16000080, Slave, uptime=177426.45, priority=2, slot_id=1:2, idx=0, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

FIM10E3E16000063, Master, uptime=177415.38, priority=1, slot_id=1:1, idx=1, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

If in_sync is not equal to 1 or if a module is missing in the command output you can try restarting the modules in the chassis by entering execute reboot from any module CLI. If this does not solve the problem, contact Fortinet support.

Replacing a failed module in a FortiGate-7000 chassis in an HA cluster

  1. Power down the failed module by pressing the front panel power button.
  2. Remove the module from the chassis.
  3. Insert the replacement module. It should power up when inserted into the chassis if the chassis has power.
  4. The module’s configuration is synchronized and its firmware is upgraded to match the configuration and firmware version on the primary module. The new module reboots.
  5. If the module will be running FortiOS Carrier, apply the FortiOS Carrier license to the module. The module reboots.
  6. Confirm that the module is running the correct firmware version.

Manually update the module to the correct version if required. You can do this by logging into the module and performing a firmware upgrade.

  1. Configure the new module for HA operation. For example:

config system ha set mode a-p set chassis-id 1 set hbdev m1 m2 set hbdev-vlan-id 999 set hbdev-second-vlan-id 990

end

  1. Optionally configure the hostname:

config system global set hostname <name>

end

The HA configuration and the hostname must be set manually because HA settings and the hostname is not synchronized.

  1. Verify that the configuration has been synchronized.

The following command output shows the sync status of the FIM modules in a FortiGate-7000 chassis. The field

Installing firmware on an FIM or FPM module from the BIOS using a TFTP server

in_sync=1 indicates that the configurations of the modules are synchronized.

diagnose sys confsync status | grep in_sy

FIM04E3E16000080, Slave, uptime=177426.45, priority=2, slot_id=1:2, idx=0, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

FIM10E3E16000063, Master, uptime=177415.38, priority=1, slot_id=1:1, idx=1, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

If in_sync is not equal to 1 or if a module is missing in the command output you can try restarting the modules in the chassis by entering execute reboot from any module CLI. If this does not solve the problem, contact Fortinet support.

Installing firmware on an FIM or FPM module from the BIOS using a TFTP server

Use the procedures in this section to install firmware on a FIM or FPM module from a TFTP server after interrupting the boot up sequence from the BIOS.

You might want to use this procedure if you need to reset the configuration of a module to factory defaults by installing firmware from a reboot. You can also use this procedure if you have formatted one or more FIM or FPM modules from the BIOS by interrupting the boot process.

This procedure involves creating a connection between a TFTP server and one of the MGMT interfaces of one of the FIM modules, using a chassis console port to connect to the CLI of the module that you are upgrading the firmware for, rebooting this module, interrupting the boot from the console session, and installing the firmware.

This section includes two procedures, one for upgrading FIM modules and one for upgrading FPM modules. The two procedures are very similar but a few details, most notably the local VLAN ID setting are different. If you need to update both FIM and FPM modules, you should update the FIM modules first as the FPM modules can only communicate with the TFTP server through FIM module interfaces.

Uploading firmware from a TFTP server to an FIM module

Use the following steps to upload firmware from a TFTP server to an FIM module. This procedure requires Ethernet connectivity between the TFTP server and one of the FIM module’s MGMT interfaces.

During this procedure, the FIM module will not be able to process traffic so, if possible, perform this procedure when the network is not processing any traffic.

If you are operating an HA configuration, you should remove the chassis from the HA configuration before performing this procedure.

  1. Set up a TFTP server and copy the firmware file to be installed into the TFTP server default folder.
  2. Set up your network to allow traffic between the TFTP server and one of the MGMT interfaces of the FIM module to be updated.

If the MGMT interface you are using is one of the MGMT interfaces connected as a LAG to a switch you must shutdown or disconnect all of the other connections in the LAG from the switch. This includes the MGMT interfaces in the other FIM module.

  1. Connect the console cable supplied with your chassis to the Console 1 port on your chassis front panel and to your management computer’s RS-232 console port.
  2. Start a terminal emulation program on the management computer. Use these settings: Baud Rate (bps) 9600, Data bits 8, Parity None, Stop bits 1, and Flow Control None.

 

  1. Press Ctrl-T to enter console switch mode.
  2. Repeat pressing Ctrl-T until you have connected to the module to be updated. Example prompt:

<Switching to Console: FIM02 (9600)>

  1. Optionally log into the FIM module’s CLI.
  2. Reboot the FIM module to be updated.

You can do this using the execute reboot command from the CLI or by pressing the power switch on the module front panel.

  1. When the FIM module starts up, follow the boot process in the terminal session and press any key when prompted to interrupt the boot process.
  2. Press C to set up the TFTP configuration.
  3. Use the BIOS menu to set the following. Only change settings if required.

[P]: Set image download port: MGMT1 (change if required)

[D]: Set DHCP mode: Disabled

[I]: Set local IP address: A temporary IP address to be used to connect to the TFTP server. This address must not be the same as the chassis management IP address and cannot conflict with other addresses on your network

[S]: Set local Subnet Mask: Set as required for your network.

[G]: Set local gateway: Set as required for your network.

[V]: Local VLAN ID: Use -1 to clear the Local VLAN ID.

[T]: Set remote TFTP server IP address: The IP address of the TFTP server.

[F]: Set firmware image file name: The name of the firmware file to be installed.

  1. Press Q to quit this menu.
  2. Press R to review the configuration.

If you need to make any corrections, press C and make the changes as required. When the configuration is correct proceed to the next step.

  1. Press T to start the TFTP transfer.

The firmware image is uploaded from the TFTP server and installed on the FIM module which then reboots. When it starts up the module’s configuration is reset to factory defaults. The module’s configuration is synchronized to match the configuration of the primary module. The new module reboots again and can start processing traffic.

  1. Verify that the configuration has been synchronized.

The following command output shows the sync status of the FIM modules in a FortiGate-7000 chassis. The field in_sync=1 indicates that the configurations of the modules are synchronized.

diagnose sys confsync status | grep in_sy

FIM04E3E16000080, Slave, uptime=177426.45, priority=2, slot_id=1:2, idx=0, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

FIM10E3E16000063, Master, uptime=177415.38, priority=1, slot_id=1:1, idx=1, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

If in_sync is not equal to 1 or if a module is missing in the command output you can try restarting the modules in the chassis by entering execute reboot from any module CLI. If this does not solve the problem, contact Fortinet support.

Installing firmware on an FIM or FPM module from the BIOS using a TFTP server

Uploading firmware from a TFTP server to an FPM module

Use the following steps to upload firmware from a TFTP server to an FPM module. This procedure requires Ethernet connectivity between the TFTP server and one of the MGMT interfaces of one of the FIM modules in the same chassis as the FPM module.

During this procedure, the FPM module will not be able to process traffic so, if possible, perform this procedure when the network is not processing any traffic. However, the other FPM modules and the FIM modules in the chassis should continue to operate normally and the chassis can continue processing traffic.

If you are operating an HA configuration, you should remove the chassis from the HA configuration before performing this procedure.

  1. Set up a TFTP server and copy the firmware file to be installed into the TFTP server default folder.
  2. Set up your network to allow traffic between the TFTP server and a MGMT interface of one of the FIM modules in the chassis that also includes the FPM module.

You can use any MGMT interface of either of the FIM modules. If the MGMT interface you are using is one of the MGMT interfaces connected as a LAG to a switch you must shutdown or disconnect all of the other connections in the LAG from the switch. This includes the MGMT interfaces in the other FIM module.

  1. Connect the console cable supplied with your chassis to the Console 1 port on your chassis front panel and to your management computer’s RS-232 console port.
  2. Start a terminal emulation program on the management computer. Use these settings: Baud Rate (bps) 9600, Data bits 8, Parity None, Stop bits 1, and Flow Control None.
  3. Press Ctrl-T to enter console switch mode.
  4. Repeat pressing Ctrl-T until you have connected to the module to be updated. Example prompt:

<Switching to Console: FPM03 (9600)>

  1. Optionally log into the FPM module’s CLI.
  2. Reboot the FPM module to be updated.

You can do this using the execute reboot command from the CLI or by pressing the power switch on the module front panel.

  1. When the FPM module starts up, follow the boot process in the terminal session and press any key when prompted to interrupt the boot process.
  2. Press C to set up the TFTP configuration.
  3. Use the BIOS menu to set the following. Only change settings if required.

[P]: Set image download port: The name of the FIM module that can connect to the TFTP server (FIM01 is the FIM module in slot 1 and FIM02 is the FIM module in slot 2).

[D]: Set DHCP mode: Disabled.

[I]: Set local IP address: A temporary IP address to be used to connect to the TFTP server. This address must not be the same as the chassis management IP address and cannot conflict with other addresses on your network.

[S]: Set local Subnet Mask: Set as required for your network.

[G]: Set local gateway: Set as required for your network.

[V]: Local VLAN ID: The VLAN ID of the FIM interface that can connect to the TFTP server:

FIM01 local VLAN IDs

Interface                MGMT1 MGMT2 MGMT3 MGMT4
Local VLAN ID         11 12 13 14
FIM02 local VLAN IDs      
Interface                MGMT1 MGMT2 MGMT3 MGMT4
Local VLAN ID         21 22 23 24

[T]: Set remote TFTP server IP address: The IP address of the TFTP server.

[F]: Set firmware image file name: The name of the firmware file to be installed.

  1. Press Q to quit this menu.
  2. Press R to review the configuration.

If you need to make any corrections, press C and make the changes as required. When the configuration is correct proceed to the next step.

  1. Press T to start the TFTP transfer.

The firmware image is uploaded from the TFTP server and installed on the FPM module which then reboots. When it starts up the module’s configuration is reset to factory defaults. The module’s configuration is synchronized to match the configuration of the primary module. The new module reboots again and can start processing traffic.

  1. Verify that the configuration has been synchronized.

The following command output shows the sync status of the FIM modules in a FortiGate-7000 chassis. The field in_sync=1 indicates that the configurations of the modules are synchronized.

diagnose sys confsync status | grep in_sy

FIM04E3E16000080, Slave, uptime=177426.45, priority=2, slot_id=1:2, idx=0, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

FIM10E3E16000063, Master, uptime=177415.38, priority=1, slot_id=1:1, idx=1, flag=0x0, in_sync=1

If in_sync is not equal to 1 or if a module is missing in the command output you can try restarting the modules in the chassis by entering execute reboot from any module CLI. If this does not solve the problem, contact Fortinet support.


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