Example Active-passive WAN optimization

Example Active-passive WAN optimization

In active-passive WAN optimization you add an active WAN optimization policy to the client-side FortiGate unit and you add a WAN optimization tunnel policy and a passive WAN optimization policy to the server-side FortiGate unit.

The active policy accepts the traffic to be optimized and sends it down the WAN optimization tunnel to the serverside FortiGate unit. The active policy can also apply security profiles and other features to traffic before it exits the client-side FortiGate unit.

A tunnel explicit proxy policy on the sever-side FortiGate unit allows the server-side FortiGate unit to form a WAN optimization tunnel with the client-side FortiGate unit. The passive WAN optimization policy is required because of the active policy on the client-side FortiGate unit. You can also use the passive policy to apply WAN optimization transparent mode and features such as security profiles, logging, traffic shaping and web caching to the traffic before it exits the server-side FortiGate unit.

Network topology and assumptions

On the client-side FortiGate unit this example configuration includes a WAN optimization profile that optimizes CIFS, HTTP, and FTP traffic and an active WAN optimization policy. The active policy also applies virus scanning to the WAN optimization traffic.

On the server-side FortiGate unit, the passive policy applies application control to the WAN optimization traffic.

In this example, WAN optimization transparent mode is selected in the WAN optimization profile and the passive WAN optimization policy accepts this transparent mode setting. This means that the optimized packets maintain their original source and destination addresses. As a result, routing on the client network must be configured to route packets for the server network to the client-side FortiGate unit. Also the routing configuration on the server network must be able to route packets for the client network to the server-side FortiGate unit.

Example active-passive WAN optimization topology

General configuration steps

This section breaks down the configuration for this example into smaller procedures. For best results, follow the procedures in the order given:

  1. Configure the client-side FortiGate unit:
    • Add peers. l Add a WAN optimization profile to optimize CIFS, FTP, and HTTP traffic. l Add firewall addresses for the client and web server networks. l Add an active WAN optimization policy.
  2. Configure the server-side FortiGate unit by:
    • Add peers. l Add firewall addresses for the client and web server networks. l Add a passive WAN optimization policy. l Add a WAN optimization tunnel policy.

Configuring basic active-passive WAN optimization – web-based manager

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit web-based manager.

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID   Client-Fgt
  1. Select Apply.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID   Server-Fgt
IP Address   192.168.20.1
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Profilesand select Create New to add a WAN optimization profile to optimize CIFS, HTTP, and FTP traffic:
Name Custom-wan-opt-pro
Transparent Mode Select
  1. Select the CIFS protocol, select Byte Caching and set the Port to 445.
  2. Select the FTP protocol, select Byte Caching and set the Port to 21.
  3. Select the HTTP protocol, select Byte Caching and set the Port to 80.
  4. Select OK.
  5. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add an address for the client network.
Category Address
Address Name Client-Net
Type IP Range
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.100-172.20.120.200
Interface port1
  1. Select Create New to add an address for the web server network.
Category Address
Address Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Go to Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and select Create New to add an active WAN optimization security policy:
Incoming Interface port1
Source Address Client-Net
Outgoing Interface port2
Destination Address Web-Server-Net
Schedule always
Service HTTP

FTP

SMB

Action ACCEPT
  1. Turn on WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
WAN Optimization active
Profile Custom-wan-opt-pro
  1. Turn on Antivirus and select the default antivirus profile.
  2. Select OK.

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Go to WAN Opt. & Cache > Peersand enter a Local Host ID for the server-side FortiGate unit:
Local Host ID Server-Fgt
  1. Select Apply.
  2. Select Create New and add a Peer Host ID and the IP Address for the client-side FortiGate unit:
Peer Host ID Client-Fgt
IP Address 172.30.120.1
  1. Select OK.
  2. Go to Policy & Objects > Addresses and select Create New to add an address for the client network.
Category Address
Address Name Client-Net
Type IP Range
Subnet / IP Range 172.20.120.100-172.20.120.200
Interface port1
  1. Select Create New to add a firewall address for the web server network.
Category Address
Address Name Web-Server-Net
Type Subnet
Subnet / IP Range 192.168.10.0/24
Interface port2
  1. Select OK.
  2. Select Policy & Objects > IPv4 Policy and select Create New to add a passive WAN optimization policy that applies application control.
Incoming Interface port2
Source Address Client-Net
Outgoing Interface port1
Destination Address Web-Server-Net
Schedule always
Service ALL
Action ACCEPT
  1. Turn on WAN Optimization and configure the following settings:
WAN Optimization passive
Passive Option default
  1. Select OK.
  2. From the CLI enter the following command to add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Configuring basic active-passive WAN optimization – CLI

Use the following steps to configure the example WAN optimization configuration from the client-side and serverside FortiGate unit CLI.

To configure the client-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the client-side FortiGate configuration: config wanopt settings set host-id Client-Fgt

end

  1. Add the server-side Local Host ID to the client-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Server-Fgt set ip 192.168.20.1 end

  1. Add a WAN optimization profile to optimize CIFS, HTTP, and FTP traffic.

config wanopt profile

edit Custom-wan-opt-pro config cifs

set status enable set byte-caching enable set port 445

end config http

set status enable set byte-caching enable

set port 80 end config ftp

set status enable set byte-caching enable

set port 21 end

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network.

config firewall address edit Client-Net

set type iprange set start-ip 172.20.120.100 set end-ip 172.20.120.200 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network.

config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net

set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Add an active WAN optimization security policy that applies virus scanning:

config firewall policy edit 0

set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr Client-net set dstaddr Web-Server-Net set action accept set service HTTP FTP SMB set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection active set wanopt-profile Custom-wan-opt-pro

end

To configure the server-side FortiGate unit

  1. Add the Local Host ID to the server-side FortiGate configuration:

config wanopt settings

set host-id Server-Fgt end

  1. Add the client-side Local Host ID to the server-side peer list:

config wanopt peer edit Client-Fgt set ip 172.20.120.1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the client network.

config firewall address edit Client-Net set type iprange set start-ip 172.20.120.100 set end-ip 172.20.120.200 set associated-interface port1

end

  1. Add a firewall address for the web server network.

config firewall address edit Web-Server-Net set type ipmask set subnet 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 set associated-interface port2

end

  1. Add a passive WAN optimization policy.

config firewall policy edit 0 set srcintf port1 set dstintf port2 set srcaddr Client-Net set dstaddr Web-Server-Net set action accept set service ALL set schedule always set wanopt enable set wanopt-detection passive set wanopt-passive-opt default

end

  1. Add a WAN optimization tunnel explicit proxy policy. configure firewall proxy-policy edit 0 set proxy wanopt set dstintf port1 set srcaddr all set dstaddr all set action accept set schedule always set service ALL

next

end

Testing and troubleshooting the configuration

To test the configuration attempt to start a web browsing session between the client network and the web server network. For example, from a PC on the client network browse to the IP address of a web server on the web server network, for example http://192.168.10.100. Even though this address is not on the client network you should be able to connect to this web server over the WAN optimization tunnel.

 

If you can connect, check WAN optimization monitoring. If WAN optimization has been forwarding the traffic the WAN optimization monitor should show the protocol that has been optimized (in this case HTTP) and the reduction rate in WAN bandwidth usage.

If you can’t connect you can try the following to diagnose the problem:

  • Review your configuration and make sure all details such as address ranges, peer names, and IP addresses are correct.
  • Confirm that the security policy on the Client-Side FortiGate unit is accepting traffic for the 192.168.10.0 network and that this security policy does not include security profiles. You can do this by checking the FortiGate session table from the dashboard. Look for sessions that use the policy ID of this policy.
  • Check routing on the FortiGate units and on the client and web server networks to make sure packets can be forwarded as required. The FortiGate units must be able to communicate with each other, routing on the client network must allow packets destined for the web server network to be received by the client-side FortiGate unit, and packets from the server-side FortiGate unit must be able to reach the web servers etc.

You can use the following get and diagnose commands to display information about how WAN optimization is operating

Enter the following command to list all of the running WAN optimization tunnels and display information about each one. The command output shows 3 tunnels all created by peer-to-peer WAN optimization rules (auto-detect set to on).

diagnose wad tunnel list

Tunnel: id=139 type=auto vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=1 peer name= id=0 ip=unknown SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=test bytes_in=744 bytes_out=76

Tunnel: id=141 type=auto vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=1 peer name= id=0 ip=unknown SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=test bytes_in=727 bytes_out=76

Tunnel: id=142 type=auto vd=0 shared=no uses=0 state=1 peer name= id=0 ip=unknown SSL-secured-tunnel=no auth-grp=test bytes_in=727 bytes_out=76

Tunnels total=3 manual=0 auto=3


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