FortiOS DoS and DDoS protection
FortiOS DoS protection identifies potentially harmful traffic that could be part of a DoS or a DDoS attack by looking for specific traffic anomalies. Traffic anomalies that become DoS attacks include: TCP SYN floods, UDP floods, ICMP floods, TCP port scans, TCP session attacks, UDP session attacks, ICMP session attacks, and ICMP sweep attacks. Only traffic identified as part of a DoS attack is blocked; connections from legitimate users are processed normally.
FortiOS applies DoS protection very early in its traffic processing sequence to minimize the effect of a DoS attack on FortiOS system performance. DoS protection is the first step for packets after they are received by a FortiGate interface. Potential DoS attacks are detected and blocked before the packets are sent to other FortiOS systems.
FortiOS also includes an access control list feature that is implemented next. This accelerated ACL technology uses NP6 processors to block traffic (including DoS attacks) by source and destination address and service again before the packets are sent to the FortiGate CPU.
FortiOS DDoS Prevention Inside FortiOS: Denial of Service (DoS) Protection
FortiOS DoS protection can operate in a standard configuration or operate out of band in sniffer mode, also known as one-arm mode, similar to intrusion detection systems. When operating in sniffer mode the FortiGate unit detects attacks and logs them without blocking them.
FortiOS DoS policies determine the course of action to take when anomalous traffic reaches a configured packet rate threshold. You can block an attacker, block an interface, block an attacker and interface, or allow traffic to pass through for monitoring purposes. This allows you to maintain network security by gathering information about attacks, monitor potentially offending traffic, or block offenders for the most protection.
FortiGates with NP6 processors also support synproxy DoS protection. An NP6-accelerated TCP SYN proxy offloads the three-way TCP handshake TCP SYN anomaly checking DoS protection to NP6 processors.
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