FortiCarrier Encapsulated non-IP end user traffic filtering options

Encapsulated non-IP end user traffic filtering options

Depending on the installed environment, it may be beneficial to detect GTP packets that encapsulate non-IP based protocols. You can configure the FortiOS Carrier firewall to permit a list of acceptable protocols, with all other protocols denied.

The encoded protocol is determined in the PDP Type Organization and PDP Type Number fields within the End User Address Information Element. The PDP Type Organization is a 4-bit field that determines if the protocol is part of the ETSI or IETF organizations. Values are zero and one, respectively. The PDP Type field is one byte long. Both GTP specifications list only PPP, with a PDP Type value of one, as a valid ETSI protocol. PDP Types for the IETF values are determined in the “Assigned PPP DLL Protocol Numbers” sections of RFC1700. The PDP types are compressed, meaning that the most significant byte is skipped, limiting the protocols listed from 0x00 to 0xFF.

Encapsulated Non-IP End User Address Filtering
Enable Non-IP Filter                Select to enable encapsulated non-IP traffic filtering.
Default Non-IP Action Select the default action for encapsulated non-IP traffic filtering. If you select Allow, all sessions are allowed except those blocked by individual encapsulated non-IP traffic filters. If you select Deny, all sessions are blocked except those allowed by individual encapsulated non-IP traffic filters.
Type                                      The type chosen, AESTI or IETF.
Start Protocol                         The beginning protocol port number range.
End Protocol                          The end of the protocol port number range.
Action                                    The type of action that will be taken.
Modify a non-IP filter’s settings in the list. When you select Edit, the Edit

Edit window appears, which allows you to modify the Non-IP policy settings.

Delete                                    Remove a non-IP policy from the list.
Add a new encapsulated non-IP traffic filter. When you select Add Non-IP

Add Non-IP Policy

Policy, you are automatically redirected to the New page.

New (window)
Type                                       Select AESTI or IETF.
Start Protocol                        Select a start and end protocol from the list of protocols in RFC 1700.

Allowed range includes 0 to 255 (0x00 to 0xff). Some common protocols

End Protocol                          include:

•  33 (0x0021)   Internet Protocol

•  35 (0x0023)   OSI Network Layer

•  63 (0x003f)    NETBIOS Framing

•  65 (0x0041)   Cisco Systems

•  79 (0x004f)    IP6 Header Compression

•  83 (0x0053)   Encryption

Action                                    Select Allow or Deny.

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