Peers and authentication groups

Peers and authentication groups

All communication between WAN optimization peers begins with one WAN optimization peer (or client-side FortiGate unit) sending a WAN optimization tunnel request to another peer (or server-side FortiGate unit). During this process, the WAN optimization peers identify and optionally authenticate each other.


Basic WAN optimization peer requirements

WAN optimization requires the following configuration on each peer. For information about configuring local and peer host IDs, see Configuring peers on page 2861.

  • The peer must have a unique host ID.
  • Unless authentication groups are used, peers authenticate each other using host ID values. Do not leave the local host ID at its default value.
  • The peer must know the host IDs and IP addresses of all of the other peers that it can start WAN optimization tunnels with. This does not apply if you use authentication groups that accept all peers.
  • All peers must have the same local certificate installed on their FortiGate units if the units authenticate by local certificate. Similarly, if the units authenticate by pre-shared key (password), administrators must know the password. The type of authentication is selected in the authentication group. This applies only if you use authentication groups.


Accepting any peers

Strictly speaking, you do not need to add peers. Instead you can configure authentication groups that accept any peer. However, for this to work, both peers must have the same authentication group (with the same name) and both peers must have the same certificate or pre-shared key.

Accepting any peer is useful if you have many peers or if peer IP addresses change. For example, you could have many travelling FortiClient peers with IP addresses that are always changing as the users travel to different customer sites. This configuration is also useful if you have FortiGate units with dynamic external IP addresses (using DHCP or PPPoE). For most other situations, this method is not recommended and is not a best practice as it is less secure than accepting defined peers or a single peer. For more information, see Configuring authentication groups on page 2862.

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