NAT in Transparent Mode

NAT in Transparent Mode

Similar to operating in NAT mode, when operating a FortiGate unit in Transparent mode you can add security policies and:

l Enable NAT to translate the source addresses of packets as they pass through the FortiGate unit. l Add virtual IPs to translate destination addresses of packets as they pass through the FortiGate unit. l Add IP pools as required for source address translation

A FortiGate unit operating in Transparent mode normally has only one IP address – the management IP. To support NAT in Transparent mode, you can add a second management IP. These two management IPs must be on different subnets. When you add two management IP addresses, all FortiGate unit network interfaces will respond to connections to both of these IP addresses.

Use the following steps to configure NAT in Transparent mode:

  1. Add two management IPs
  2. Add an IP pool to the WAN1 interface
  3. Add an Internal to WAN1 security policy

You can add the security policy from the web-based manager and then use the CLI to enable NAT and add the IP pool.

The usual practice of NATing in transparent mode makes use of two management IP addresses that are on different subnets, but this is not an essential requirement in every case.

If there is a router between the client systems and the FortiGate unit you can use the router’s capabilities of tracking sessions to assign NATed addresses from an IP pool to the clients even if the assigned address don’t belong to a subnet on your network.

 

Example

Client computer has an IP address of 1.1.1.33 on the subnet 1.1.1.0/24.

Router “A” sits between the client computer and the FortiGate (in Transparent mode) with the IP address of 1.1.1.1 on the client’s side of the router and the IP address of 192.168.1.211 on the FortiGate’s side of the router.

Use NAT to assign addresses from an address pool of 9.9.9.1 to 9.9.9.99 to traffic coming from gateway of 192.168.1.211.

To enable the return traffic to get to the original computer, set up a static route than assigns any traffic with a destination of 9.9.9.0/24 to go through the 192.168.1.211 gateway. As long as the session for the outgoing traffic has been maintained, communication between the client computer and the external system on the other side of the FortiGate will work.

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