SSO using RADIUS accounting records

SSO using RADIUS accounting records

A FortiGate unit can authenticate users transparently who have already authenticated on an external RADIUS server. Based on the user group to which the user belongs, the security policy applies the appropriate UTM profiles. RADIUS SSO is relatively simple because the FortiGate unit does not interact with the RADIUS server, it only monitors RADIUS accounting records that the server forwards (originating from the RADIUS client). These records include the user’s IP address and user group.

After the initial set-up, changes to the user database, including changes to user group memberships, are made on the external RADIUS server, not on the FortiGate unit.

This section describes:

  • User’s view of RADIUS SSO authentication l Configuration Overview l Configuring the RADIUS server l Creating the FortiGate RADIUS SSO agent l Defining local user groups for RADIUS SSO l Creating security policies
  • Example: webfiltering for student and teacher accounts

User’s view of RADIUS SSO authentication

For the user, RADIUS SSO authentication is simple:

  • The user connects to the RADIUS server and authenticates.
  • The user attempts to connect to a network resource that is reached through a FortiGate unit. Authentication is required for access, but the user connects to the destination without being asked for logon credentials because the FortiGate unit knows that the user is already authenticated. FortiOS applies UTM features appropriate to the user groups that the user belongs to.

Configuration Overview

The general steps to implement RADIUS Single Sign-On are:

  1. If necessary, configure your RADIUS server. The user database needs to include user group information and the server needs to send accounting messages.
  2. Create the FortiGate RADIUS SSO agent.
  3. Define local user groups that map to RADIUS groups.
  4. Create a security policy which specifies the user groups that are permitted access.

 

Configuring the RADIUS server

You can configure FortiGate RSSO to work with most RADIUS-based accounting systems. In most cases, you only need to do the following to your RADIUS accounting system:

  • Add a user group name field to customer accounts on the RADIUS server so that the name is added to the RADIUS Start record sent by the accounting system to the FortiOS unit. User group names do not need to be added for all users, only to the accounts of users who will use RSSO feature on the FortiGate unit.
  • Configure your accounting system to send RADIUS Start records to the FortiOS unit. You can send the RADIUS Start records to any FortiGate network interface. If your FortiGate unit is operating with virtual domains (VDOMs) enabled, the RADIUS Start records must be sent to a network interface in the management VDOM.

IPv6 RADIUS Support

RADIUS authentication is supported with IPv6, allowing administrators to configure an IPv6 RADIUS server on the FortiGate for IPv6 RADIUS authentication traffic to pass between the server and FortiGate.

Syntax

Allow IPv6 access on an interface:

config system interface edit <name> config ipv6 set ip6-allowaccess {ping | https | ssh | snmp | http | telnet | fgfm | capwap} set ip6-address <xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx/xxx>

next

next

end

Configure the IPv6 RADIUS server:

config user radius edit <name> set server <xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx> …

next

end


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