Deployment example – VMware

Deployment example – VMware

Once you have downloaded the FGT_VMxx-v5-build0xxx-FORTINET.out.ovf.zip file from http://support.fortinet.com and extracted the package contents to a folder on your local computer, you can use the vSphere client to create the virtual machine from the deployment package OVF template.

The following topics are included in this section:

  • Open the FortiGate VM OVF file with the vSphere client
  • Configure FortiGate VM hardware settings Transparent mode VMware configuration High Availability VMware configuration Power on your FortiGate VM

Open the FortiGate VM OVF file with the vSphere client

 

To deploy the FortiGate VM OVF template:

1. Launch the VMware vSphere client, enter the IP address or host name of your server, enter your user name and password and select Login.

The vSphere client home page opens.

2. Select File > Deploy OVF Template to launch the OVF Template wizard.

The OVF Template Source page opens.

3. Select the source location of the OVF file. Select Browse and locate the OVF file on your computer. Select Nexto continue.

 

The OVF Template Details page opens.

4. Verify the OVF template details. This page details the product name, download size, size on disk, and description.

Select Next to continue.

 

The OVF Template End User License Agreement page opens.

5. Read the end user license agreement for FortiGate VM. Select Accept and then select Next to continue.

 

The OVF Template Name and Location page opens.

6. Enter a name for this OVF template. The name can contain up to 80 characters and it must be unique within the inventory folder. Select Next to continue.

 

The OVF Template Disk Format page opens.

7. Select one of the following:

  • Thick Provision Lazy Zeroed: Allocates the disk space statically (no other volumes can take the space), but does not write zeros to the blocks until the first write takes place to that block during runtime (which includes a full disk format).
  • Thick Provision Eager Zeroed: Allocates the disk space statically (no other volumes can take the space), and writes zeros to all the blocks.
  • Thin Provision: Allocates the disk space only when a write occurs to a block, but the total volume size is reported by VMFS to the OS. Other volumes can take the remaining space. This allows you to float space between your servers, and expand your storage when your size monitoring indicates there is a problem. Note that once a Thin Provisioned block is allocated, it remains on the volume regardless if you have deleted data, etc.

8. Select Next to continue.

 

The OVF Template Network Mapping page opens.

9. Map the networks used in this OVF template to networks in your inventory. Network 1 maps to port1 of the FortiGate VM. You must set the destination network for this entry to access the device console. Select Next to continue.

 

The OVF Template Ready to Complete page opens.

10. Review the template configuration. Make sure that Power on after deployment is not enabled. You might need to configure the FortiGate VM hardware settings prior to powering on the FortiGate VM.

11. Select Finish to deploy the OVF template. You will receive a Deployment Completed Successfully dialog box once the FortiGate VM OVF template wizard has finished.

 

Configure FortiGate VM hardware settings

Before powering on your FortiGate VM you must configure the virtual memory, virtual CPU, and virtual disk configuration to match your FortiGate VM license.

 

Transparent mode VMware configuration

If you want to use your FortiGate-VM in transparent mode, your VMware server’s virtual switches must operate in promiscuous mode. This permits these interfaces to receive traffic that will pass through the FortiGate unit but was not addressed to the FortiGate unit.

 

In VMware, promiscuous mode must be explicitly enabled:

1. In the vSphere client, select your VMware server in the left pane and then select the Configuration tab in the right pane.

2. In Hardware, select Networking.

3. Select Properties of vSwitch0.

4. In the Properties window left pane, select vSwitch and then select Edit.

5. Select the Security tab, set Promiscuous Mode to Accept, then select OK.

6. Select Close.

7. Repeat steps 3 through 6 for other vSwitches that your transparent mode FortiGate-VM uses.

 

High Availability VMware configuration

If you want to combine two or more FortiGate-VM instances into a FortiGate Clustering Protocol (FGCP) High Availability (HA) cluster the VMware server’s virtual switches used to connect the heartbeat interfaces must operate in promiscuous mode. This permits HA heartbeat communication between the heartbeat interfaces. HA heartbeat packets are non-TCP packets that use Ethertype values 0x8890, 0x8891, and 0x8890. The FGCP uses link-local IP4 addresses in the 169.254.0.x range for HA heartbeat interface IP addresses.

 

To enable promiscuous mode in VMware:

1. In the vSphere client, select your VMware server in the left pane and then select the Configuration tab in the right pane.

2. In Hardware, select Networking.

3. Select Properties of a virtual switch used to connect heartbeat interfaces.

4. In the Properties window left pane, select vSwitch and then select Edit.

5. Select the Security tab, set Promiscuous Mode to Accept, then select OK.

6. Select Close.

 

You must also set the virtual switches connected to other FortiGate interfaces to allow MAC address changes and to accept forged transmits. This is required because the FGCP sets virtual MAC addresses for all FortiGate interfaces and the same interfaces on the different VM instances in the cluster will have the same virtual MAC addresses.

To make the required changes in VMware:

1. In the vSphere client, select your VMware server in the left pane and then select the Configuration tab in the right pane.

2. In Hardware, select Networking.

3. Select Properties of a virtual switch used to connect FortiGate VM interfaces.

4. Set MAC Address ChangestoAccept.

5. Set Forged Transmits to Accept.

 

Power on your FortiGate VM

You can now proceed to power on your FortiGate VM. There are several ways to do this:

  • Select the name of the FortiGate VM you deployed in the inventory list and select Power on the virtual machine in the Getting Started tab.
  • In the inventory list, right-click the name of the FortiGate VM you deployed, and select Power > Power On.
  • Select the name of the FortiGate VM you deployed in the inventory list. Click the Power On button on the toolbar.

Select the Console tab to view the console. To enter text, you must click in the console pane. The mouse is then captured and cannot leave the console screen. As the FortiGate console is text-only, no mouse pointer is visible. To release the mouse, press Ctrl-Alt.


Having trouble configuring your Fortinet hardware or have some questions you need answered? Ask your questions in the comments below!!! Want someone else to deal with it for you? Get some consulting from Fortinet GURU!

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