Notifying message flood senders and receivers

Notifying message flood senders and receivers

The FortiOS Carrier unit does not send notifications to the sender or receiver that cause a message flood. If the sender or receiver is an attacker and is explicitly informed that they have exceeded a message threshold, the attacker may try to determine the exact threshold value by trial and error and then find a way around flood protection. For this reason, no notification is set to the sender or receiver.

However, FortiOS Carrier does have replacement messages for sending reply confirmations to MM1 senders and receivers and for MM4 senders for blocked messages identified as message floods. For information about how FortiOS Carrier responds when message flood detection blocks a message, see and MMS duplicate messages and message floods.

 

Responses to MM1 senders and receivers

When the FortiOS Carrier unit identifies an MM1 message sent by a sender to an MMSC as a flood message and blocks it, the FortiOS Carrier unit returns a message submission confirmation (m-send.conf) to the sender — otherwise the sender’s handset would keep retrying the message. The m-send.conf message is sent only when the MM1 message flood action is set to Block. For other message flood actions the message is actually delivered to the MMSC and the MMSC sends the m-send.conf message.

You can customize the m-send.conf message by editing the MM1 send-conf flood message MM1 replacement message (from the CLI the mm1-send-conf-flood replacement message). You can customize the response status and message text for this message. The default response status is “Content not accepted”. To hide the fact that FortiOS Carrier is responding to a flood, you can change the response status to “Success”. The default message text informs the sender that the message was blocked. You could change this to something more generic.

For example, the following command sets the submission confirmation response status to “Success” and changes the message text to “Message Sent OK”:

config system replacemsg mm1 mm1-send-conf-flood set rsp-status ok

set rsp-text “Message Sent OK”

end

When the FortiOS Carrier unit identifies an MM1 message received by a receiver from an MMSC as a flood message and blocks it, the FortiOS Carrier unit returns a message retrieval confirmation (m-retrieve.conf) to the sender (otherwise the sender’s handset would keep retrying the message). The m-retrieve.conf message is sent only when the MM1 message flood action is set to Block. For other message flood actions the message is actually delivered to the receiver, so the MMSC sends the m-retrieve.conf message.

You can customize the m-retrive.conf message by editing the MM1 retrieve-conf flood message MM1 replacement message (from the CLI the mm1-retr-conf-flood replacement message). You can customize the class, subject, and message text for this message.

For example, you could use the following command make the response more generic:

config system replacemsg mm1 mm1-retr-conf-flood set subject “Message blocked”

set message “Message temporarily blocked by carrier”

end

 

Forward responses for MM4 message floods

When the FortiOS Carrier unit identifies an MM4 message as a flood message and blocks it, the FortiOS Carrier unit returns a message forward response (MM4_forward.res) to the forwarding MMSC (otherwise the forwarding MMSC would keep retrying the message). The MM4_forward.res message is sent only when the MM4 message flood action is set to Block and the MM4-forward.req message requested a response. For more information, see and MMS duplicate messages and message floods.

You can customize the MM4_forward.res message by editing the MM4 flood message MM4 replacement message (from the CLI the mm4-flood replacement message). You can customize the response status and message text for this message. The default response status is “Content not accepted” (err-content-not- accept). To hide the fact that the FortiOS Carrier unit is responding to a flood, you can change the response status to “Success”. The default message text informs the sender that the message was blocked. You could change this to something more generic.

For example, the following command sets the submission confirmation response status to “Success” and changes the message text to “Message Sent OK” for the MM4 message forward response

config system replacemsg mm4 mm4-flood set rsp-status ok

set rsp-text “Message Forwarded OK”

end


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